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knixen
01-31-2007, 15:28
Axle info - Toyota

Toyota Mini Truck Front Axle Identification
79-80 no gusset
81-83 short gusset (to u-bolts)
84-85 long gusset (past u-bolts)

Stock Toyota front axle measurements for comparison:
55.5" wide, 29" spring perch centers, '79-85 Toyota trucks and 4runners, SA Hubs
58.25" wide, 29" spring perch centers, '79-85 Toyota trucks and 4runners, IFS Hubs
63.5" wide, (set up for coil springs) 90-97 FJ80 and FZJ80 Landcruisers
'86-95 IFS front end is about 58.5" wide
'93-98 T100 IFS front end is about 65" wide

Toyota Rear Axle Widths:
55" wide, '79-85 4wd trucks/4runners - 6 Lug
58" wide, '86-95 4wd trucks/4runners - 6 Lug
56" wide, '79-95 2wd Trucks - 5 Lug
60.75" wide, '95.5-up Tacomas/4runners
66.75" wide, '93-98 T100 trucks

Axle / Differential Breathers
The actual thread size for toyota breathers is 1/8" British 28 Thread Per Inch.
1/8" NPT thread is close, but it is 27 Thread per inch.


Axle Rebuild Picture Thread, Toyota 8" Front Solid Axle
http://www.birfield.com/~morgan/tech/axle/




Bellhousings - HUGE resource for engine swap bellhousings!!
http://www.jeeps-offroad.com/tech-ar...lhousings.html



Bellhousing bolt patterns by MarlinCrawler
84' to 03' Toy 5 speed trannies use two bellhousing to transmission bolt patterns.
small 9 bolt pattern
84-88' G52,54 carb 22R
89-95' G58 EFI 22R
85-88' W56 early EFI 22R
89-95' W56 late EFI 22R
96-03' W59 EFI 2.7

large 9 bolt pattern
86-87' R151F EFI Turbo 22R
88-95' R150F EFI 3.0V6
96-03' R150F EFI 3.4V6




Bikini Tops - 4Runners
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=254738
http://www.4crawler.com/4x4/CheapTri...op/index.shtml
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=167640




Birfield Stuff

Separating a birf from and axle:
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...839#post334839

What everyone needs to know about Longfields by desertoy
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...ght=Longfields
The above list should probably be also applied to any type of aftermarket Birfield / Marfield / Newfield/ Longfield/ Smurfield / WhateverField....

How to change one quickly Camo method
Pull locking hub cap and remove snap ring.
Unbolt seal/felts on back of knuckle.
Unbolt brake caliper and tie out of the way. (can be skipped if you have long brake lines)
Unbolt steering arm. (leave bottom knuckle cap alone)
Pull entire outer knuckle assembly off of axle.
Swap in your parts.
Put it back together.
It's a big-time shortcut since you don't need to mess with the 54mm socket or wheel bearings.

Heres a post showing the slow method - but it "lets" you repack everything...
Longfield 30 spline & hub gear install
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...=482812&page=2




Bob length pictures for a 4Runner
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=394500



Bobbing a 4Runner - First Gen
See http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=132555 for a text version of an article I wrote on bobbing the back of a 4runner including the fiberglass top.
Update: Article pictures are now here: http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=394399


Bobbing a 4Runner (Super-Bob)- First Gen
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=62246
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=488188


Bobbing a 4Runner - Second Gen
See: http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...bobbed+4runner for Bob Willians rig.



Bobbing a Bed for an extra cab on a std cab frame
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=109638



Brakes - Bleeding
This is the proper way to bleed your brakes to avoid spongy brakes, etc...
Originally posted by Opp's
----------------------------------------------------
"...This is from the FSM and it works great..."
1. Drivers side rear
2. Passenger side rear
3. Passenger side front
4. Drivers side front
5. LSPV (Load sensing proportioning valve)
----------------------------------------------------



Brake Boosters - Single Vs Dual
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=132252



Brake Boosters - Dual diaphram on First Gen (79-83)
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=564587



Brakes - Drum rebuild
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=509586



Brake Lines
Toyota Fittings are 10mm x 1.00 thread with an inverted flare.
ProComp #7210 are Longer than stock Stainless Steel brake lines. (set of three)
One piece 23" long replacement brake line for the front is Napa #38688
[EDIT: This turns out to be a front line from a 90-96 Nissan 300ZX if you wanna get one from somewhere else.]

The flexible rear brake line (goes from the hardline to the rear axle) is commonly used for extending the front and rear brakes lines since it has one male end and one female end. So when these lines are swapped inline with the stock lines, and you will have plenty of room for extra lift and flexy suspensions. The Napa #38256 is the stock length (19" long) rear flexible brake hose. Napa #36881 is 11" long if you need one a bit shorter.

Good source for custom SS Brakelines (recommended by steveh)
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=449419



Brake Master Cylinder info
In addition to the Rotor swap, some people like to put bigger MCs in so that they have more fluid movement.
In this case, you want to acquire a Master Cylinder for a V6 truck or 4runner. It should be the 1" Bore. This is pretty much a bolt in replacement. Requiring you to move some brake lines slightly at worst.
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=251887



Brakes - Rear Disc / Disk Brakes FAQ
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=281059



Brake Rotor Swap – Vented Front

Some folks like to swap out their solid rotors for vented rotors. This is a simple and somewhat inexpensive modification. I did this swap because my brakes were getting very hot and making some very annoying noises. If you can change your brakes you should not have any problem with this swap.

79-80 toyota mini axles -> Rotor bolts onto hub with 6 bolts and the wheel studs are pressed into the hub only. For Land Cruiser vented brake swap you must use 79-80 LC rotors.
81-85 toyota mini axles -> Rotor bolts onto the hub with 2 bolts and the wheel studs are prasses through the hub and is pressed into the rotor. For the Land Cruiser vented rotor swap you must use 81+ LC rotors. Uses Toyota 90942-02053, Dorman #610-264 or Napa 641-3126 wheel studs.

The Landcruiser rotors are wider because they are vented but otherwise fit right on with no other modification besides the need to run a IFS caliper.
The caliper comes in two flavors... one has two larger pistons and two smaller, and another has four pistons that are the same size. The ones with four large pistons would technically give you more braking force. I used the same pads because mine were still fairly new... so you don't need new pads unless yours are low.

Build-Ups, Toyota Project Rigs - Ultimate Collection
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?p=2933348
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=399607



Built Rigs - Whats Your Trucks Specs / Typical / Standard Issue
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=307983
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=121485



Bumpers
Front winch bumper pictures:
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...01#post1401801
Rear 4Runner Bumpers pictures:
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=482618




Bump Stop Tech.
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...19#post2920419



Carb Tuning
how to get it with a toyota carb............
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=165996



Caster Angle - Solid Axle
Stock = is 1°30' ± 45' positive.
Recommended for lifted vehicles with larger tires = 5-7° positive
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...54#post5942854



Chop saw notching 101 (With pictures)
http://pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=456800




Clutch Master by RocKrawler

Clutch Master Cylinder Bleeding Instructions
I had a biatch of a time when I replaced my clutch master trying to get the darn thing bled. No matter how much I bled it, the pedal was still a sponge. After placing a call to a buddy who works at a Toyota wrecking yard, his mechanic gave me this quick tip and it worked perfect the first time, even if you didnt bench bleed it before bolting it up to the firewall:

1.) Adjust the bracket that pins to the clutch pedal so that it has about 1/4" free play
2.) Fill the Clutch Master cyl resevoir ( duh )
3.) Open the bleeder valve at the slave cylinder ( on the bellhousing for newbies, pass side, follow the hydraulic line from the clutch master down, you'll see it ) and without pumping the pedal, just let it drain until the resevoir is about 1/2 empty.
4.) Close the bleeder and fill the resevoir
5.) Have someone pump the clutch 5 times and hold, open the bleeder at the slave & bleed the system, closing the valve before fluid flow stops ( again for newbies )
6.) Repeat step 5 until there is no more air bubbles when you bleed the system.

If you followed the directions, you should have noticable clutch within 3 bleeding cycles, and be done within 6 cycles, whether or not you bench bled the clutch master before installing.




Combination Turn Signal & Parking Light
http://www.off-road.com/toyota/tech/...nal/index.html




Cone Washers

Cone Washers for Aisin or Asco Locking Hubs - 42323-60010
Cone washers for solid axle steering arms - 42323-60020

Cone washers are the washers that are behind the nuts holding on Toyota wheel hubs and steering arms.
Cone washers are a pain in the a$$. Anyone from the dry areas of the southwest will tell you that a good smack on the stud will loosen them up. If you are in or near the Midwest... forget that.

Using one or all of the following (most likely all) you should be able to get them off.
· Soak it in something like PB Blaster
· Put the nut on the stud and hit the nut with a brass drift and hammer
· Use an air chisel - being careful of studs etc
· Wedge a screwdriver or similar into the small slit of the washer
· Beat the hub housing like a red-headed step child with a hard plastic or rubber mallet. If worst comes to worst (and if you are in the Midwest it probably will) then you can try hitting the hub housing itself with a small sledge hammer. At this point you will want to hit it with one anyway. The trick is not hitting hard enough to damage it.

I (toy4crawlin) have heard to apply "Anti Seize" to cone washers to prevent them from sticking.


Crossmembers - Transfer case / T-case
Homemade, Aftermarket, Rotated, Flatbelly, High clearance, etc...
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=634019

knixen
01-31-2007, 15:43
OEM SA Front Wheel Studs
Differentials – Gearing

Gearing..... with a 4 banger and single case
stock 4.10= 31 or smaller tire
4.88=33 inch tire
5.29= 35 to 38 inch tire.
5.71= NOT RECOMMENDED FOR REAL OFFROAD USE

Originally posted by DSI
----------------------------------------------------
83-older 4.11 diff's are 37/9 and are 8in 4cyl style diff's, in 84 they switched th the 41/10 ratio, any time you have more teeth to a pinion the stronger the diff will be, reason being: more tooth contact/more teeth contacting the ring gear at one time.
This is the same reason 5.71's are very weak, 6 teeth, 5.29's have 7, 4.88's and 4.38's have 8, 4.56's have 9 and 411's have 9, 410's have 10, and 390's have 10
----------------------------------------------------

Originally posted by TNToy
----------------------------------------------------
If you have the axle code of your vehicle, it is easy to find out what size differential, what ratio, and what pinion set-up you have. This will also help if you are hunting for a particular unit off another vehicle. The axle code is in the vehicle ID plate under the hood or drivers door. The axle code is 4 digits: a letter followed by 3 numbers.

Example: G292 = 8.0" 4.10 final ratio 2 pinion
Code:

1ST R&P SIZE 2nd/3rd R&P RATIO 4th DIGIT PINION SET-UP
F = 7.5" 07 = 3.900 2 = 2 pinion
G = 8.0" 08 = 4.110 3 = 2 pinion LSD
10 = 4.375 4 = 4 pinion
14 = 4.875 5 = 4 pinion LSD
25 = 4.556
28 = 4.300
29 = 4.100
31 = 3.91
38 = 3.42
43 = 3.56
54 = 3.90
66 = 3.07
.
.

Code:

Ratio Ring/Pinion Color Crawl:Ratio
3.42 ...42/12... Purple ...31:1
3.90 ...39/10... Red... ...36:1
4.10 ...41/10... Pink.. ...37:1
4.11 ...37/09... Orange ...37:1
4.30 ...43/10... Blue.. ...39:1
4.37 ...35/08... Green. ...40:1
4.56 ...41/09... Yellow ...41:1
4.88 ...39/08... White. ...44:1
5.29 ...37/07... None.. ...48:1
5.71 ...40/07... None.. ...51:1
.
.


Differentials – Info

General Toy diff info including identification with pictures.
http://home.4x4wire.com/erik/diffs

"LPH" (Long Pinion Head) vs "SPH" (Short Pinion Head). by Drew Persson
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...23#post1478223

Myth Settled: 8.4, V6, 4cyl, ALL 8" - by Brian Ellinger
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=228681

Pluging ABS sensor hole in late model diffs
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=587522

Differential picture identification by 4RnrRick

Toyota 2 pinoin 4 cylinder 7 1/2" diff (27 spline) used on 2wd and some celicas
http://tellico.off-road.com/wwwthrea...750_driver.jpg

Toyota 2 pinoin 4 cylinder 8" diff (30 spline)
http://www.4crawler.com/4x4/Images/Diff4Cyl.jpg

Toyota 4 pinoin 6 cylinder 8" diff (30 spline)
http://www.4crawler.com/4x4/Images/Diff6cyl.jpg

Toyota Land cruiser high pinion 8" diff (30 spline)
http://www.4crawler.com/4x4/Images/DiffHP.jpg

Toyota 4 pinion 6 cylinder 8" 3rd from a '96-00? 4Runner (30 spline)
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/attac...&postid=436184{broken}

Toyota 8.25 or 8.4 diff Taco / T-100 / Tundra (30 spline)
http://tellico.off-road.com/wwwthrea...100_tundra.jpg




Differential Mounting Differences Between Different 3rd Members
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...52#post5331552




Differential - Shaved, Trussed, and Armored Axle Collection
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=456309 by TheBandit
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=228464
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=154306
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=93356



Differential Stud Upgrades - BEEF!!
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=485834
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=490532



Doors - Quick Release Hinges / Removable Doors

Info provided by Wheelie_Pete
To get the old factory pin out without a fuss, cut it in half as it sits in the hinge, then take a cold chisel and start tapping around the edge of the top of the pin. (The hinges should be removed from teh vehicle first.) This should start to pry the pin upwards, then, when you clear the swege marks on the pin you can just pull it out. Repeat for the bottom half.
If you manage to cut your hinges and then force out the stock pin without fawking up the brash bushing, then you can use a 5/16 (.3125") dia. x 2" long grip length pin perfectly. The stock door hinge bushings are 8mm (0.315" dia). My passanger's door hinges worked out this way and it works awesome! This works so well I can hardly believe it. The pin is upside down on the top hinge because there isn't enough room to drop it down through the top due to the shape of the door's edge. A sharp eye will notice that the lower bolt head on the door's half of the hinge is ground down. This is so you can clear the pin's shoulder by the bolt. It had to be done to get a straight up shot for the pin. Also when doing it this way you can retain the factory brass bushing which will keep the door tight and have that OEM fell. My driver's door's brass bushings in both hinges cracked when we tried to pull the stock pin so we had to drill them out to 3/8" and use a 3/8" Pin or bolt with the head ground down. This eventually wears on the hinges and Ifinally ended up replacing them with some I could use a 5/16 pin in.

Info provided by NoBrainR
I used spring pins and left the stock bushings in. About 30 seconds to take a door off and 2 minutes to put it back on with no help and perfect alignment each time. Had to grind a little off one bolt head per hinge.

Info provided by TNToy
Here's the route I went. It cost me six dollars. I carry a 12MM ratcheting box wrench ($6 from Sears) in the glove box. Prefect fix on the bolts without rounding them off... a non-ratcheting type tends to twist sideways and round off the bolt slightly with each use. Then you just do what's in the pic. It lets you loosen both bolts 2-3 turns and pull the door right off.

Info provided by JeepRecoveryTeam & Krusty
Just cut the hinge pins and the door simply lifts off !!!!-------- no bolts ,no pins , and no hastle---- 10 seconds off- 15 seconds on ! full doors and a set of .5 doors------on and off 'instantly' !




Removable Doors with electric windows.
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=488460



Doors - Ultimate Collection of Half Door Pictures
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...86#post2506986


Drain Plugs - Low profile

Toyota Part #'s
90341-18021 Plug w/magnet $1.50-$2.00/ea.
12157-10010 Gasket, diff plug $0.75/ea.
90430-18008 Gasket, tranny/transfer $1.00/ea.

These plus will fit Toyota 7 1/2", 8" & 8.4" Axle housings. They also fit Toyota Chain and Gear Driven T-cases and Transmissions. they even fit Samuri T-cases. But they will NOT fit Samuri Trannys.



Drawing files
T-case mount like FROR by BRAD D
http://members.shaw.ca/lhnatishin/Tmount2.dxf




Driveline - How to make a Square Shaft
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=90517




Driveline - Heavy duty DIY Material
A toyota driveshaft end has a machined OD of 2.435".
2.5'' Sch. 40 pipe. is 2.875" OD x .203" thick which is almost 1/4'' wall and is a good fit for the toy yokes. You just have to use an endgrinder or the like to knock the seam down in the pipe. Using the pipe to retube is good for rear shafts or if you have links and don't need all the slip of a square shaft. (also slides on rocks better than square) This is a cheaper alternative to the strange sized 2 7/8" x 7/32" wall DOM tubing which can also be used for a DIY driveline.




Driveshaft Yokes / Flange patterns
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...46#post4201146
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...49#post4200349
And this is the easiest way to make a different bolt-pattern driveshaft fit your current flanges: Rotate the driveshaft 45 degrees and drill new holes.





E-Brake - Cheap Cable Fix by OOP’s
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...501#post384501




ECU Compatibility
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=247846





Electrical Questions

More than you want to know…….
http://www.autoshop101.com/autoshop15.html

killer place to get all kinds of electrical goodies: (by Old Scout)
http://www.waytekwire.com/index.htm




EFI System – Trouble codes

The older Toyota fuel injection systems are analog systems based on Bosch L-jetronic.
Around the mid-80's the Toyota TCCS took over, it is a (8031/8051)
microcontroller based digital system using in-chip ROM.
That means there is no separate ROM chip which could easily be
read and replaced for tuning purposes...
Later versions use more powerful microcontrollers.
The TCCS systems use L-jetronic, MAP, hot-wire and vortex
type air flow meters depending on application.

OBDI Toyota EFI trouble codes:
http://www.off-road.com/toyota/tech/codes/

OBDII Toyota EFI trouble codes:
http://www.troublecodes.net/Toyota/
http://www.yotatech.com/showthread.php?t=76363




EFI info - How To Make the LC Engineering Pro A/F Tuning Module
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...94#post2440294




ENGINE / MOTOR SWAP INFO
Common swaps - very general
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=175795

22R to 22RE swap FAQ
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=316661

5VZ-FE / 5VZE / 3.4L V6 Toyota Swap
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...t=137361&pp=25

7MGE / 7M-GE , Supra / Cressida Motor Swap
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=363262

3RZ swap tech
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=475469
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=447914

3rz conversion motor mounts
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=455654

3rzfe (2.7L Tacoma / T100) History
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=356260

3rz wiring information
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...01#post5463301

VW/Toy Diesel swaps
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=574419




Exhaust Studs
This is fairly basic, but it is info that is helping me out right now. Seems to be a common problem. It took me a long time to find the post.
It's about stripped exhaust studs and a Heli-coil kit that NAPA sells specifically for repairing Toyota heads.

exhaust head heli coil info
****************************************
Description: NAPA Balkamp HeliCoil Metric thread repair kit
Size: M10x1.25
Part#: 7703020
****************************************
Description: HeliCoil Thread Repair Metric Kit
Size: M10x1.25 - 12 Inserts
Part#: HEL-5543-10
See: http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...t=exhaust+stud



Exo Cages
Lots of pictures of exo cages here!
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=95564




Factory Service Manuals (FSM) - Online
Toyota & Ebay is a great spot to find these... otherwise look here:
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=329685
or 4or a $10, one day subscription you can download all the FSM’s for your rig.
http://techinfo.toyota.com/index.html
Links to free FSM's (Factory Service Manuals)
http://www.ncttora.com/fsm/index.html


Flat Towing a Toyota <-- Must disconnect rear driveline!
Quote:
Originally Posted by Marlin Crawler
On all auto chain driven and manual gear driven t/cases, if it is towed in two wheel drive, the output shaft will turn, but there will be no way for the oil at the bottom of the case to get to the top where the output shaft is. On the chain driven cases, the input shaft turns the planetary housing which drives the oil pump. Gear driven cases use the input gear and low range gears to throw oil on the inside of the housing that collects the oil via gutters and directs it to the rear of the case by gravity. Both style of cases, must have the input shaft spinning to lube the output shaft, speedo gears, and rear seal of the t/case. The rear driveshaft must be removed.
Marlin


Fiberglass panel picture thread
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=504095

knixen
01-31-2007, 15:48
How to drill and tap a Toy Knuckle to accept D44 9/16's studs
Filter Charger for 22RE - Cone Filter adapter for AFM from the wrecking yard
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=308855




Firewall Tubing

Firewall Tubbing 84-88/89 Toyota's
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...49#post1349149
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...light=firewall
http://www.mntoyx4.com/project/85_springs/

Firewall Tubbing 79-83 Toyota's
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=587505




Formula Toy Info & FAQ Hendrix Motorsports
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=449917



Frame Belly Height Dimensions How high are you?
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=208962




Frame Dimensions: 79-83
http://members.myecom.net/kmcwilli/i...dimensions.jpg
http://tellico.off-road.com/wwwthrea...-untitled1.jpg
http://tellico.off-road.com/wwwthrea...-untitled2.jpg
http://tellico.off-road.com/wwwthrea...-untitled3.jpg

Frame Dimensions: 85 Thanks Budbuilt
http://www.yankeetoys.org/Documents/85Frame.gif
http://www.yankeetoys.org/budbuilt/i...85%20frame.jpg




Front Axle - IFS Hub Body & Vented Rotor Swap Options
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=515697




Front axle – Knuckle Rebuild Kits

http://www.allprooffroad.com
http://www.jtoutfitters.com
http://www.marlincrawler.com
http://www.sky-manufacturing.com

Timken Wheel front wheel bearing part numbers for 79-85 front axle:
Front wheel outer LM102949 & LM102910
Front wheel inner JLM104948 & JLM104910

Trunion/Kingpin/Knuckle bearing part numers, 79-85 front axle:
Toy part# 45611F
KOYO 30303D
SKF part# 30303j2

Inner axle seal, 79-85 front axle: by KS Toy
Timken 710070
BCA 710070
FM 710070
Toyota 90311-35032
CR 12810

Knuckle stud parts
42323-60020 Washer, Cone
90170-12005 Nut, Hexagon
90126-12005 Stud, Hex Lobular

Exploded diagram of front axle from JTOutfitters website:


Ref: Spindle nut size is 54mm/2-1/8" socket






Front Axle - Rebuilding 1979-1985 Toyota Manual Locking Hubs
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=281879





Front Axle Perches – 3/8” Spacer
Toyota front axles need a 3/8 inch spacer on driver side to make the truck sit level since the driver side perch is 3/8” lower than the passenger side perch since its mounted half way up the diff. If you do a spring swap using non-Toyota Specific Springs, this spacer should be added. The most common way to do this is to weld a piece of flat bar to the driver side perch.




Front Axle, Picture Thread, Toyota 8"
http://www.birfield.com/~morgan/tech/axle/




Fuel Cell Info
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=293628




Fuel Filter Fitting
Aeroquip P/N: FCM 1070 is a bajo fitting hose end that screws directly in to a 22re fuel filter for -6 (3/8") hose or 'Summit' AER-FBM1070 or 'Summit' #EAR-807691ERL.
__________________

knixen
01-31-2007, 15:53
How to drill and tap a Toy Knuckle to accept D44 9/16's studs
Head Gasket Replacement by 85runnerAZ
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...83#post1748083



Horn Tech
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=318491



Horsepower – More Power

Thanks to DRM for saving this, and Tim for giving the advice.

Originally posted by DRM
-----------------------------------------------------------
"Ok ready, first pull off the efi fuse for a couple of seconds, then reinstall it. Grab some Autolite #65 plugs, and side gap them at .048. Set the valve clearance to .011 cold. Install the factory carbed thermostat {Pappy: it's a 180* vs. 190*). Adjust the AFM 3 teeth rich (under 5000 a.s.l.). Start the motor, let idle till you reach operating temp. Set the timing at 16* "not short circuted," {Pappy: about the same as 8* shorted} then take it for a putt, re check the timing, and enjoy. Leave the airbox alone, for it's not a cause of starvation on a stocker, and don't worry about the muffler for now. If you're going to modify the exhaust, start with a header, and 2.5" headpipe."

A follow-up from later that day:

"... you pull the EFI fuse to start the ECU's regathering of fuel mixture readings, because you are altering them via the AFM. The #65's are a hotter plug, and will in this case create a more efficient burn. You WILL NOT detonate when the timing is set 16* NOT SHORT CIRCUTED, because the end reading when short circuted will be 8* advanced. The afm adjustment enrichens the motor aproximately 3cc. This is necessary due to the timing advance, which requires a proper mixture."

I found the AFM 3 teeth to be too rich for my high desert home (driveway is 5200 ft) and have backed it down to 1 tooth rich.
-----------------------------------------------------------



Hydraulic Steering Bleeding Instructions
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...95#post7319895



Hydraulic Steering Tech - Assist
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=617039



Hydraulic Steering Tech - Full Hydro
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?p=1183795




Idle Drop

"It's an 85 xcab efi. When I hit the brakes my idle drops off 500 rpms or so then recovers, over and over again. It dosen't happen when It's warming up, just when hot."

"I would bet you that your idle is set to high. Sometimes the screw works loose with vibration. If your idle is at like 1100, it's too high. With the engine warm, try lowering the idle at the intake manifold to about 750 or so. That will probably solve your problem. Mine was doing the same thing last week after the new header. Adjusted the idle and it's fine. "

"The EFI computer receives a signal from the brake circuit that tells it that the brakes are being applied. This causes the computer to shut off the injectors if the RPM's are over a certain level and the engine is in "closed loop" as engine power should not be needed if the brakes are being applied.I believe the set point for the injector cut out is 850 to 900 RPM. This is what causes the surging - your idle RPM is too high, when the brakes are applied the injectors are cut out until the RPM's drop below this level. The engine then run's again. This only happens when the engine goes into "closed loop" so this will not happen when the engine is at a higher idle speed warming up. I am willing to bet your idle speed is around 1000 RPM when this happens. To fix this problem, simply adjust your warm idle speed to 750 RPM as per the factory. "




Ignitor and Coil Bypass for Cheap
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=179253




LED’s
When using LED lights my turn signals flash fast. How do I slow them down.
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=463125
How to wire up LED lights for taillights?
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...44#post5329844




Link suspension info
The ultimate listing of the most important link suspension posts.......

THE GOD OF SUSPENSION...[for those of you who don't know]
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=7503

LINK SUPSENSIONS FOR DUMMIES?
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=168577

New Version of my 4-link Analyzer & Request for Help
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=204893

ExcelCAD - Awesome Link design Program
http://www.gregblanchette.com/pages/1/index.htm




Lockers - Whats Better?
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=504856




Locking Hub Upgrades

Bigger Studs
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=209057

Stronger Studs http://www.frontrangeoffroadfab.com
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...=stronger+stud

6 pin install on the hubs http://www.hendrixmotorsports.com/
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=233101

Rebuilding 1979-1985 Toyota Manual Locking Hubs
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=281879

4340 Chromoly Toyota 30 Spline Hub Gears by Longfield
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=470552

4340 Chromoly Toyota 30 Spline Drive Flange by Longfield
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=519033

Can you convert a 27 spline IFS locking hub to a 30 spline SA locking hub?
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...07#post5979707
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...55#post6805455



Longfield's Axle/Hub/Shaft Breaking Machine Results
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=467075




Longfield - 27 vs. 30 Spline Chromo
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=309632




Longfield History & Myths
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=305715




Martack - See 'Birf Stuff' above for more info on this....

The easiest way to find the correct location for a Martack is to put tape on the spines of the axle shaft and insert the axle into the housing while watching the seal location. And keep moving the tape until you found the correct position.
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/attac...postid=1537731

Also note that after tacking the splines you wil have to carefully grind them doen flush so the axle will slip into the spider gears/locker all the way to the tack. Another way is to grease the splines but for me that has never worked as good as using tape. You want to place the tack weld so the axle can not slide into the diff to causing the seal to leak diff fluid into your knuckle. This is also used with aftermarket Birfs so you can remove the outer most clip to add in removal of the axle from the birf n the case of trail breakage.

Another think tha tis important to note is that you SHOULD measure this distance on you axle and not following any one elses dimensions becasue there are too many variables to only use on tack weld location for all set-ups.

Quote:
Originally Posted by 4RnrRick
Here a sketch that I did quickly to show you what my understanding of what a Martack does.

The top version (factory) allows the axle to float a bit on the axle spines in the diff due to tolerances and expansion or contraction due to the change in temperature.

The version on the bottom allows the axle to float a bit in the star of the birf and the splines in the diff to tolerances and expansion or contraction due to the change in temperature.

Quote:
Originally Posted by 4RnrRick
And here is the Camo Method.

This verson allows the axle and Birf assmbly to float a bit on the brass bushing inthe spine, on the splines in the star of the birf and the splines in the diff to tolerances and expansion or contraction due to the change in temperature.

More Reference Links:
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...67#post2913767
http://4crawler.cruiserpages.com/4x4....shtml#Martack
http://dreamwater.com/zuk/martack.html





Motor Mount Tech

Heres some great info on how to "bolt" your motor mounts to keep them from getting trashed by the torque produced from a crawler box.
ref: http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=154338

The other common way to save the motor mounts is to chain them down.

A common way is shown below:


Heres how 4Crawler (Roger Brown) did his: http://4crawler.cruiserpages.com/4x4...torMount.shtml

As a side note aftermarket poly bushing motor mounts create a LOT of vibration and is seems that about 50% of these people that buy them for a Daily Driver end up removing them and reinstalling stock ones. The motor mounts that I refer too are ones sold by Rockstomper or LC Engineering which look symiliar to this homemade one [Thanks Chrisf]. Now if they are going on a trail only rig, I hear they work awesome.

Aftermarket motor mounts parts numbers by obex26
Well in the process of getting aftermarket motor mounts since the cost is between 25-50 dollars versus 155-180 from the stealership I learned the hard way about part numbers and applications so I thought I would share it with everyone else. Most checker, kragen, pep boys, autozone or whatever is near you will carry an aftermarket brand called anchor. The part number for the 4 cylinder application is 8612 and the 6 cylinder application is 8614. The truck and 4runner for years 84-86 may use the part number for the 6 cylinder application even though it has a 4 cylinder engine in it. I spent two days looking for motor mounts (limited local stock on a weekend) It appears that before the 6 cylinder motor was introduced to the truck line they were already using the motor mounts. It also is a hit and miss with the truck years that the turbo and V6 were available. It seems that the 2WD trucks actually use the part number 8612 and 4WD whether its a 4 cylinder Turbo or V6 use the part number 8614.

Also to add to the above info, First gen and second gen motor mounts are different because the hole spacing on the frame is different along with the shape of the six sided base plate..

knixen
01-31-2007, 15:56
Oil Filter by deepstealth

A good oil filter is toyota 90915-YZZD3 (old part number: 90915-20004) it is slightly larger, they use it on tundras, lexus' and and cost about 6 bucks each.

More info provide by deepstealth:
Yeah, theyre gonna discontinue the -20004 and i hear rebadge it and sell for ten bucks as the "TRD" uber special filter. not worth it, for that money you can get an sdf-15 from amsoil, which is even better but expensive overkill for most rigs. the yzzd3 is NOT a high quality filter--take one apart & compare to the -20004, the difference is pretty obvious--it's pretty much just a basic cheap-o filter, but twice as much as a fram. the -20004s can still be purchased (in cases), and you'll usually get a bulk discount.




Oil Pan swap for 3.0V6 to T100 oilpan swap for SAS and histeer
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=23993




Oil Pressure Guage
The OEM cluster gauge is not very accurate and it the FSM shows the following picture:

Factory numbers for both the 4 & 6 cylinder engines
Oil Pressure @ Idle - 4.3 psi Minimum
@ 3000 rpm - 36 - 71 psi




On Board Air (OBA)
See "York" below for tons of info.




Part Numbers - Ultimate List of Toyota Part Numbers by 4x4wire.com
http://www.4x4wire.com/forums/showfl...5&o=14&fpart=1




Pictures - TONS
Pics of your favorite Toyotas
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=144215

Pics of your Favorite Buggy's and Truggy's
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=222645

Toyota Flex pictures
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=307956

Pictures of favorite 4runners
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=254023
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=361172

Pictures of First Gen's
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=638383

Full width picture thread
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=504228

Dovetailed pics
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=474701

*Official* Toyota Flatbed Thread
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=98472

Offical In-Cab Roll Cage Picture & Tech Thread
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=511162




Pitman Arms - Dimension of other arms
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=101077
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=593367
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=294202




Pitman Arm Removal / Swap - How to
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=511091




Plenum Conversion and How to Remove Unwanted Vacuum Lines - Lots of 22RE Photos
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...8&page=2&pp=25



Profield Information........
http://board.marlincrawler.com/index.php?topic=7534.0
Pay attention to the posts by Chris Gieger......



Propane Conversion, 22R
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=379633 by KYOTA
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=490223 by brimy311



Power Steering Box - Info

How to rebuild it
http://web.archive.org/web/200503220.../taco/box.html

Steering Box rebuild kit PN 04455-35080
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=587519

How to Tap it for Hydro Assist
http://www.wildyoats.com/hydraulic_assist_tech.htm
http://board.marlincrawler.com/index.php?topic=10579.0


Power Steering Box Location, Moving it Forward by Bones
Since this has been on numerous threads, I may as well post it here. Here's an IFS steering box moved as far forward as I could (2.5"~) and hacked the radiator support to boot. Ref: http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...t=steering+box
More pictures of mounting the power steering IFS boxes here:
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...4&page=1&pp=25
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=587517
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=424669



Power steering box identification
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=587515



Power Steering Box AN-Fittings
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=495627
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=617050
High Pressure Port - 16 x 1.5 MM Inverted Flare to #6 JIC Male adapter, Toyota - 'PSC Motorsports' #PSC-SF06 or 'Summit Racing' #EAR-9919DFJERL
Low Pressure Port - 17 x 1.5 MM Inverted Flare to #6 JIC Male adapter, Toyota - 'PSC Motorsports' #PSC-SF07


Power Steering Flush
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=588900


Power Steering Pump Mod - Removing the restrictor plate
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=167299
http://board.marlincrawler.com/index.php?topic=10579.0


Power Steering Pump - High Flow TC style mounting
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=571624
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=630765



Power Steering Reservior
www.Speedwaymotors.com has a power steering resivoir that is a perfect fit for this set up. $24.95
It is P/N 91032876-STD-10. It has a -6 inlet and a -10 outlet.
this fits the power steering pump inlet well.
Tripling the size of the Toyota power steering reservoir
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=579700




Rust Repair Panels / Replacement Sheetmetal
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=234917



SAS Kits - Who's Best?
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=610802



SAS Pics and Dimensions thread
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=321699



Shock Mounts - Ford
Ford Part #E5TZ-18183-A



Shower, On-board Shower Tech
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=579698
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...threadid=80252



Smog/Emissions
Try out this Lambda calculator using your emissions test info. This will help you determine if you are running rich, lean, or stoichemetric.
http://www.smogsite.com/calculators.html#lambda
Then use this article to understand how to use lambda to diagnose your failure
http://www.byui.edu/Automotive/Lambda.pdf
Some other good smog passing threads
http://board.marlincrawler.com/index.php?topic=1119.0
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=472825
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=368727



Spring Hangers - Front - SAS
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=321699
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...threadid=76595



Springs!
********************************

44044 SPRINGS
44044s are Rancho Jeep Wagoneer Lift Springs.
Length: 47" (Length is eye to eye)
Center Pin split (front/rear) 22.5"/24.5"
Bushing: 2 3/4" & 3"
Lift: 5.25 - 5.5" (Lift is approximate and uses 1.5" longer than stock shackles giving 3/4" of lift)
Cost: $250 (Cost is for both sides incl. shipping/give or take)
44044's do not (by themselves) move your axle forward. They are the same length on the front half as stock toys (22.5"). While they do move the axle forward because of the lift they provide (arch in spring), when they compress to the point that they are flat, it's the same. Estimated 1/2" of actual axle relocation forward.
http://bbs.off-road.com/wwwthreads_u...ith%20dims.jpg

********************************

ALL PRO OFFROAD SPRING LENGTHS by Chris Gieger
Part Number, Overall Spring Length, Center Pin to Front*
TOYFRONT5, 47 5/8", 22 1/2"
TOYFRONT4, 46.1/2", 22 1/8"
TOYFRONT5STK, 46 3/4", 23 1/8"
TOYFRONT4STK, 45 5/8", 22 1/2"
TOYFRONT3, 46", 21 1/2"

********************************

CHEVY SPRINGS FAQ Probably most common rear lift springs!
Everything you ever wanted to know about Chevy Springs!
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...threadid=20665
If you actually have a question that is not answered there, that would be a great place to ask it so the answer is there for everyone else.

********************************

REARS SPRINGS UP FRONT Probably most common front lift springs!
Rears Up Front (RUF) FAQ: http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=265669
Stock toy rears move the axle forward 2" because they are only 20.5" on the front half where as a stock toyota front spring is 22.5". But you have to add a few leaves to the pack to make them stiff enough to hold up the front of the truck.

For Rear Spring dimensions see:
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showp...&postcount=180

********************************

WAGONEER / WAGGY SPRINGS
These are stock Jeep Wagoneer Springs
Length: 47" (Length is eye to eye)
Bushing: 3"
Lift: 3.5 - 3.75"
Cost: $200 New, $60-$100 Used
From JcWhitney.com:
1976 - 1992 Jeep Wagoneer, Front Leaf Spring
7 Heavy-duty Leaves #07ZX2048P $99.95 Ea
5 Leaves #07ZX2047B $84.95 Ea
The 7 leaf is supposed to be the ones you are looking for.
Pinion angle can be an issue if you just bolt waggs to the stock location. If you have dropped hanger or dual cases the problem is lessened.

********************************

Misc. Spring Information
http://www.4x4spot.com/spring_swap_info.htm
http://www.4x4spot.com/misc__spring_information.htm

********************************

knixen
01-31-2007, 16:05
SR5 Gauge Cluster swap info
http://www.siestaoff-road.web1000.com/clustertech.html
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=236097
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=209942




Steering Arms - Adding Fifth Knuckle Stud or D44 Studs
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...65#post5752165
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=186936
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=277297
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=326741
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=550092
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=394089



Steering Column - Tilt/Wheel and Intermitent Wiper swap
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...48#post3574248




Storage - additional storage in 4Runner under cargo area
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=262253
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=291387



Tailgate conversion - 2nd gen Truck Tailgate on 1st gen 4Runner
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...80#post3038480





Thermostat Problem

Question: “Why does my engine temp go all the way up to the red before it comes back down to the middle of the gauge after I start it up in the morning. It only does this when the engine is cold and once it warms up it seems to operate normally. Could it be as simple as a stuck thermostat?”

Answer: (From Roger Brown’s Web Site - http://4crawler.cruiserpages.com/4x4...tml#Thermostat)

“What happens on the 22R and 22RE engine, when the coolant goes through the heater core it gets cooled off enough that when it gets dumped back in on top of the t-stat it shuts it. Therefore the temperature in the engine continues to go up. The t-stat that I have mentioned has two valves in it, one at the regular temp. and one smaller on at a cooler temp. If the cool water shuts the big one, the smaller one stays open. All this happens because of the lack of a by-pass hose, which on other systems, keeps hot coolant running on the t-stat.”

You can get the two-stage thermostat mentioned above from your local Toyota Dealer.
Part Number: #90916-03070




Tie Rod Ends, FJ-80
These tie rod ends are the standard ones Aftermarket Companys use for the Toyota High Steer since they have the same taper as the mini trucks but they have a much larger 23mm x 1.50 threads. These are stock on 1991 thru 1997 FJ-80 Toyota LandCruisers relay rod ends.
RH Thread - Napa #269-2854 or AutoZone #ES2854x
LH Thread - Napa #269-2855 or AutoZone #ES2855x




Tie Rod Ends, Mini Ttrucks
Left Tie Rod End Differences by FreakAccident
79-81 - Short, small threaded shaft, and the hole for the steering stabilizer is on the top part of the shaft. Approx. 5.5"s from where the threads start on the shaft to the center of the joint.
82-83 - Long, small threaded shaft, and the hole for the steering stabilizer is on the bottom part of the shaft Approx. 6.5"s from where the threads start on the shaft to the center of the joint.
84-85 - Long, large threaded shaft, and the hole for the steering stabilizer is on the bottom part of the shaft. Approx. 6.5"s from where the threads start on the shaft to the center of the joint.




Tow Hook Bolt Size
They are 12mm x 1.25 pitch x 50 mm long with a 19 mm hex head.



Toyota Vehicle Model History
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=579609



Toyota Vendors - Popular ones
http://www.12voltguy.com
http://www.4crawler.com
http://www.4wdtoyotaowner.com
http://www.4x4labs.com/
http://www.4xinnovations.com
http://www.advanceadapters.com
http://www.allprooffroad.com
http://www.bentup.com
http://www.bigcountrycustoms.com
http://www.bigrocksoffroad.com
http://www.bluetorchfab.com
http://www.budbuilt.com
http://www.calminitruck.com
http://www.can-back.com
http://www.davezoffroadperformance.com
http://www.diamondaxle.com
http://www.doaracingengines.com
http://www.eoronline.com
http://www.engnbldr.com
http://www.frontrangeoffroadfab.com
http://www.gotpropane.com
http://www.inchwormgear.com
http://www.lcengineering.com
http://www.marlincrawler.com
http://www.offroadsolutions.com
http://www.ottindustries.com
http://www.polyperformance.com
http://www.rockstomper.com
http://www.ruffstuffspecialties.com
http://www.shaffersoffroad.com
http://www.sky-manufacturing.com
http://www.toyotafiberglass.com/
http://www.toyotasuperaxles.com
http://www.wabfab.org
http://www.YotaMasters.com
Jeff Mosk Gauge Pods




Traction Bars
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=464319




Transmissions

Pickup and 4Runner Transmissions with 1st gear ratios.
L43 4 speed 79 - 80 3.67
L45 4 speed 81 - 82 3.93
L50 5 speed 81 - 82 3.93
L52 5 speed 83 3.93
G52 & G54 5 speed 84 - 88 (Carb) 3.93
W56 5 speed 85 - 95 (EFI) 3.95 Manual Hub Equipped Vehicles 89 and up Have W56, 89 and up ADD vehicles have G58.
R151F 5 speed 86 - 87 (turbo only) 4.31
G58 5 speed 89 - 95 3.93 ADD Equipped Vehicles
R150F (6 cyl) 5 speed 88+ 3.83

Identification:
G52/54 84-88' are twin stick, use a 8 bolt center section, 6 bolt gear t/case pattern, 21 spline output.
G58 89-95' twin stick, 8 bolt center, 9 bolt chain t/case, 26 spline
W56 85-88' (single stick), 89-95' (twin stick), 10 bolt center, 6 bolt t/case, 21 spline
R151F 86 - 87 (turbo only) will have two housings of four bolts each just like a G52, the difference would be the large rubber plug on the bottom of the bellhousing.

Info provided by Marlin Cralwer
All 84 to 95 22R trans are 25.5" long including the bellhousing. The only shorter trans is the 79-83 year trans which are 20.75" long with bellhousing. These early short trans have had a poor service record due in part to their small bearings and lighter gears. The 82-83 L52 5 speed which had a 80 x 20 mm front input bearing has had the best service record. A number of years ago, I invented a way to install a oversize 80 x 23 mm input bearing with an inproved gear set which features a greater helix angle for added strenght. I call it my L52HD and is the strongest 20.75" long trans.

Side note:
ADD = Automatic Differential Disconnect
For more information see my article here:
http://www.off-road.com/toyota/tech/add/index.htm

Tranny 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Rev
R151f 4.310 2.740 1.930 1.000 0.830 4.230
W56 3.954 2.141 1.384 1.000 0.850 4.091
G52 3.929 2.333 1.452 1.000 .851 ????
FYI: Marlin offers a R151f gear swap that gives 5.15 first

List of Toyota transmissions which covers all toy trans 2wd, fwd, automatic, car, truck
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toyota_transmissions

A340 Transmission issues and FAQs
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=587521


Transfercases

Years Engine Model Shift Style Spline Type

1979-1980 20R Carb Top Shift 21-spline
1981-1983 22R Carb Top Shift 21-spline
1984-1988 22R Carb Forward Shift 21-spline
1985-1988 22RE EFI Top Shift 21-spline
1986-1987 22RTE EFI/Turbo Forward Shift 23-spline
1989-1995 22RE EFI Forward Shift 21-spline
89-95 22RE(G58) forward shift chain drive transfercase 26-spline will not accept adapters or gear sets. These are 22RE/4X4 Models with 5 spd and ADD.

GENERAL LIST OF TOYOTA TRANSFERCASES
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showp...2&postcount=19

COMPARISION INFO Marlin 4.7's to AA's 5.0's
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...ht=gear+weaker

4.7 GEARSET or DUALS?
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=109103

INSTALLATION OF 4.7 GEARS by Brandon and Flashlightman
http://www.rivercityrockcrawlers.com...tall/howto.htm

TOYOTA TRANSFER CASE ASSEMBLY/DISASSEMBLY
This chapter of the factory service manual ("shop manual") is now on my website:
Adobe Acrobat file of the transfer case "chapter" of the FSM:
http://home.off-road.com/~mithrandir/tcase/tcase.pdf

CRAWLER ADAPTER ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS
http://www.marlincrawler.com/docs/cr...ler/index.html

FRONT WHEEL DRIVE with Toyota T-case
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=202342
http://board.marlincrawler.com/index...;threadid=2397

DUAL CASE SHIFTERS & CONSOLE ARRANGEMENT
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=571627

TWIN STICK with single forward shift t-case (on the cheap)
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=482798

TRANSFER CASE PARKING / E-BRAKE COMPARISION Sky's vs AllPro
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=214383

TRANSFER CASE MOUNT TECH
There are several different styles of T-Case mounts found throughout the years...
Ref: http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=112763

TOP vs FORWARD SHIFT TRANSFER CASE by Chris Gieger
What is the difference between a top shift and forward shift transfer case. I took a couple of photos showing both top and forward shifting tcases along with matching transmissions. These two photos should make it easier to understand the difference. In both photos the transmission and transfer case have been seprated to show where one ends and the other starts. It also helps show the shift forks on the forward shift setup.

The first photo shows a top shifting transfer case and transmission. Notice the tcase shifter comes out of the top of the tcase. The transmission has just one shifter. Notice there are no forks on the front of the tcase.


The second photo is a forward shift transfer case. Notice the blockoff plate on top of the case. This unit is shifted through two rails that connect to the transmission. A forward shift transmission like this one has two shifters, one for the tranny and one for the tcase.


More Tranny & Transfercase Info
Code:

Year Model Application Model Speeds Splines 1st Gear Engine Transfer Case
1979-1980 Carb L43 4sp 21 spline 3.67 4cyl 20R Gear driven Top Shift
1981-1983 Carb L45 4sp 21 spline 3.93 4cyl 22R Gear driven Top Shift
1981-1983 Carb L50 & L52 5sp 21 spline 3.93 4cyl 22R Gear driven Top Shift
1984-1986 Carb G52 5sp 21 spline 3.93 4cyl 22R Gear driven Forward Shift
1986-1988 Carb G54 5sp 21 spline 3.93 4cyl 22R Gear driven Forward Shift
1986-1987 EFITurbo R151F 5sp 23 spline 4.31 4cyl 22RTE Gear driven Forward Shift
1985-1988 EFI W56 5sp 21 spline 3.95 4cyl 22R Gear driven Top Shift
1988-1991 EFI R150F 5sp 23 spline 3.83 V6 3.0L Chain driven Forward Shift
1989-1995 EFI W56 5sp 21 spline 3.95 4cyl 22R Gear driven Forward Shift
1989-1995 EFI/ADD G58 5sp 26 spline 3.93 4cyl 22R Chain driven Forward Shift
1996-2002 EFI W59 5sp 23 spline 3.95 4cyl 2.7L Chain driven Top Shift
1996-2002 EFI R150F 5sp 23 spline 3.83 V6 3.4L Chain driven Forward Shift

The transfercase/reduction box shift rods on the forward shifting transfercase are different lengths so swapping trannys can cause a problem. Ref:http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=222758
The G52/G54 trans requires the longer forward type t/case shifting rods. These are only found on 84-88' G carb t/cases, and 86-87' R151F efi turbo t/cases. The 89-95' twin stick W56 with a forward shifting t/case that uses rods that are about 1/2 inch shorter. These shift rods can be easily swapped in the reduction boxes so it just a matter of getting the correct remote shift rod for the tranny. www.MarlinCrawler.com usually has a bunch of both kinds in stock and they can also convert a forward shifting reduction box into a top shifting case for a small cost.





Troubleshooting at Home
READ THIS IF YOUR A NOOB to Mechanics
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=430159




Tube Notching Program
http://geek.casaforge.com/code/newform_m2.php



Weber Info by Coop 50

I live at sea level (hence the name Shoreline) so I can't do much for you, but I believe the people in some of those posts (in the searches) live at high elevation. Perhaps if you contact them by email, they can help you. The other option is to get some small jets and take it from there with a drill set. This is the economical way to do it. I bought a jet kit which also had a double squirt pump jet for more fuel on that initial step on the accelerator.

What I have read concerning Weber jet adjustment (this is in the search posts), note the original idle jet size, in your case you decrease the size until the mixture screw is optimum at 2 - 3 turns from bottoming out. Whatever size the idle jet turns out to be, you extrapolate what the others should be according to that, because you are setting the jets according to the volume of your engine.

I have a 32/36, my primary is set pretty good but my secondary is a little rich. I can tell because I have an analog Westach mixture meter hooked up to a heated O2 sensor. If I remember right 13.5 to 1 is optimum for power, 14.7 to one is optimum for clean burning. Another thing I found out is my 86 22R engine naturally runs lean above 3000 rpm (until the secondary kicks in), has something to do with the swirl or flow of the combustion chamber.

Search Posts:
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...weber+and+jets
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...=weber+jet+kit




Weight: Ultimate List of Toyota equipment weights

http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...42#post2582542




Wheelbase

*From the factory manuals:
1979-83 short bed 101.77 *
1979-83 long bed 110.24 *
1984-89 4Runner 102.95 *
1984-88 xtra cab 112.20 *
1984-88 single cab short bed 102.95 *
1984-88 single cab long bed 112.20 *
1984-88 double cab real short bed 112.20 *
1990-91 4Runner, 2 door 103.3
1990-95 4Runner, 4 door 103.3
1989-95 short bed 103.3
1989-95 long bed 122.5
1989-95 xtra cab 122.5
1995.5-04 Tacoma 105.3 and 121.9
1996-92 4Runner (taco based) 105.3





Wheel Bearing Adjustment By SR5Dave

A good way (at least IMO) to tighten wheel bearings; which allows at least moderately proper preload even with large tires or different offset rims.

Torque down real tight. Spin wheel once to get everything set. Now back it off. Tighten a little, grab at 12 and 6 and wiggle back and forth. Does it wiggle? Tighten more. Wiggle again. Does it wiggle? Tighten more. Do this until there is basically NO play (Except some from the tires moving back and forth), should be real firm. Now spin the wheel, does it spin at least 1.5 revolutions easily? Good to go.

Doesn't? Go buy new bearings ya cheap bastard, they're wasted If you can't buy new ones; just find the best point on the curve between little wiggle and enough spin. Make sure one doesn't spin way easier than the other or the freeway will be real interesting.

This is a good way to do it because you adjust them tighter with bigger tires naturally. Its not perfect, but since Toyota didn't suply us with preload if you put 38" tires and 2"BS rims on.. its 'good enough' IMO. This method gets preload firmer with bigger tires because of a 20" leverage arm on 40" tires instead of 15" lever arm w/ 30"s, further out, easier it is to move the tire, so you tighten it more for less play. Works out pretty good.

{Comment by 4RnrRick - I feel it should be done using the method in the FSM or Haynes with a pull scale and the adjusted from there for more preload for bigger tires. I'm not sure how much more other than it probably requires more preload to increase bearing life. IMO 'By Feel" is not the best method since everyone does not have the same hands....}



Wheel / Rim Tech and Info

Ultimate Beadlock listing.....
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=206579

2" Backspace wheels thread
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=197981
Summit Part Number for US Wheel Reversed Wheel USW-88-5860R-SPEC
(specify your backspacing) Available as of 6/9/06

DIY Beadlocks screws by Inchworm
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=340906

Easy way to break the inner bead on Beadlocks
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...89#post6469289

Moving the valve stem, & adding a quick air down valve to your rims
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=407665

Wheel Spacers / Adapters
See: http://www.mcmotorsports.com If it physically possible they probably make it.




Winch Bumpers

Looking for Front winch bumper pictures - check it out:
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...01#post1401801



Winch: In-Cab Remote Info
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=277633




Winch Rope (Poly / Synthetic )

How to add a thumble to the end of the rope <-- starts at post #13
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=177074

How to splice two pieces together
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...ght=winch+rope

[i]Splicing Instruction from SamsonRope[i] - 12 strand
http://www.samsonrope.com/home/recma...cing/index.cfm




Vaccuum Line Diagram
22R, 22RE, 22RTE diagrams
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=579557
22RE Vaccuum line diagram
http://mywebpages.comcast.net/pneumya/images/85efi.jpg




Vacuum Lines - How to clean up engine bay - Lots of 22RE Photos
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...8&page=2&pp=25




Xtra Cab First Generation Truck by 4RnrRick

Not sure if this needs to be in here or not but it comes up every once and a while.

How or has anyone put a 2nd gen extra cab onto a 1st gen body. Here is a post of how I'm making my 1st gen truck into a xtra cab using the sides and top of a 2nd generation. There is also several other links to other posts showing other types of body mods people of done or have thought about.

http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=141739



XtraRunner = Xtra cab + 4Runner
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=304626



York and/or OBA (On Board Air) Systems

Installing a York Compressor using 22R AC brackets
http://www.cascadecrawlers.com/toyota/york2/index.shtml - {Broken}
http://www.cascadecrawlers.com/toyota/york/index.shtml - {Broken}
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=236027
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...12#post2642612

Installing a York Compressor using 22R Smog brackets
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=168115

Installing a Mini York Compressor on a Supercharged Taco
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=177348

Installing a York Compressor on a T100
http://home.4x4wire.com/erik/t100/oba.htm

Converting the Factory AC Compressor to a OBA system
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=196622

York air on a 4.3L powered first gen
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=579496

Factory AC and a standard York
http://home.4x4wire.com/erik/4runner/oba/

Factory AC and a Rotary York
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=273874

Check out http://www.onboardair.com/ for all the York accesories and tech info.

York Oil Blowby Quick Fix
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...47#post2752847

Example Wiring and Plumbing Schematics
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...hreadid=168402

Or check out this post to see what type of systems people are really using.
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...threadid=98015

Vehicle Donor List for York / Sanden Compressors! OBA
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...59#post2525859
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=276968

knixen
01-31-2007, 16:09
Before and After Pic Thread
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=575684

MSD Install
22R - http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=428313
22RE - http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=436107

***Official inboarded rear spring thread***
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=500276

replacing rear axle bearings and seals
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=583794

How To Install Your Longfields
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=585718

Cam info - 22R / 22RE / 22RTE
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=587414

22RE TPS Cross Reference by Drew Persson
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=272959

Fuel Injector cross reference
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=587421

E-Locker Install on Toy 8" Axle
http://www.4x4wire.com/toyota/tech/electric_locker/
E-Locker spring clearance on front axle
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=265552

FAQ ALL INFO on FLEX JOINTS HERE
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=587452

3.0L-V6(3VZE) To 3.4L-V6(5VZFE) Engine Conversion
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=587453

22RE alternator upgrades by Alabamatoy
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=587456

Steering Knuckle installation using Toyota SST
Toyota STEERING KNUCKLE CENTERING GAUGE Special Service tool P/N 09634-60013 from http://toyota.spx.com
PDF Copy of the FSM Procedure

Shock damping rate versus mounting angle
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/attac...d=198696&stc=1

Brake Line Fittings Source (Metric 10mm x 1.0 long head toyota fitting)
http://fmsiinc.com/brake-line-fittings.htm

Death Wobble video link is broken, but still a good read
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=331319

How to Install a Truss without an Axle Jig
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=588892

ATTN: Tim@DOA, what are our most common mistakes when we wrench on our engines?
http://pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=537816

Power steering - Hydro assist on the cheap
http://board.marlincrawler.com/index.php?topic=4699.0

Driveshaft Tech

2 1/2" Sch. 40 Pipe Drivelines Made Easy
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=589995

Driveshaft Shortening 101
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=485542

Driveshaft 401 by BillaVista
http://www.pirate4x4.com/tech/billav...aft/index.html

4Runner Rear fender clearancing (pics)
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...threadid=68173

3.0 gets York for OBA
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=592926

V6/IFS Brake Calipier Differences
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showt...34#post7019734

Repairing a Bent Front Axle Housing
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=527744

Power steering pump seal
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showp...0&postcount=12
__________________

Gearing calculator.
For anybody that wants to see how many RPM's their turning with a given transmission/transfer case/axle ratio/tires, here's a great calculator. I made my own a few years ago, but this one is much nicer.

Load Sensing Proportioning Valve
Good thread that discusses; manual valves, removal, work arounds
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=489391

search terms
rear brakes, rear valve, rear bar

IFS Frame dimension vs 85
Rick, I'd like to see this with the SAS/frame dimensions. I would have liked to have read this during my first SAS.

http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=599542



replacing the rear inner seal

The good link
http://www.4x4wire.com/toyota/mainte...wheel_bearing/

Not as good link
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=583794

knixen
02-05-2007, 12:39
Helpful tool
Center of gravity calculator with rollover angles
http://www.jeepaholics.com/tech/cog/COGROA.zip
http://www.jeepaholics.com/tech/cog/


Fuel Injector Cross-Reference Info

Model----Year-----Engine----------OEM Part #
4RUNNER 1985-----L4 2.4 22RTEC--23209-35010
4RUNNER 1985-----L4 2.4 22REC---23209-45011
4RUNNER 1987-86--L4 2.4 22REC---23209-45011
4RUNNER 1988-86--L4 2.4 22RTEC--23209-35020
4RUNNER 1988-----L4 2.4 22REC---23209-35030
4RUNNER 1995-89--L4 2.4 22RE----23209-35040
4RUNNER 2000-96--L4 2.7 3RZFE---23209-79095
4RUNNER 2000-98--L4 2.7 3RZFE---23209-79135
4RUNNER 1988-----V6 3.0 3VZE----23209-65010
4RUNNER 1995-89--V6 3.0 3VZE----23209-65020
4RUNNER 1997-96--V6 3.4 5VZFE---23209-62030
4RUNNER 2002-98--V6 3.4 5VZFE---23209-62040


22RE Dynamo oppgraderinger / Tech og linker

http://www.4x4wire.com/toyota/tech/alternator/

http://mralternator.com/alternators/toyota.html

http://www.4crawler.com/4x4/CheapTri...er/index.shtml

11-22 added the following:

http://www.off-road.com/toyota/tech/100alt/
ORC writeup on adding GM alternator to Toyota V6

http://www.madelectrical.com/electri...elcoremy.shtml
Good writeup on the GM 10si and 12si alternators.

http://www.densoaftermarket.com/prod...121&aaia=25688
Good pic of the stock Denso alternator

http://www.premierpowerwelder.com/specs/PP155.html Geezey peezey this one has got the bling factor all to hell - $900!?!

http://www.mobi-arc.com/pricing.htm (Go all the way to near the bottom). Note the Powermaster reference, but no pricing information.

http://www.powermastermotorsports.com/toyota.html
another high-priced alternative

more good sites:

http://www.home.earthlink.net/~twopapa/bigalt.htm

http://www.csupomona.edu/~cdcabrera/gm1wire.htm

http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=47624

This appears to be the best writeup available:

http://www.rocketcityrockcrawlers.co...lt_upgrade.htm

longs super axle strength info.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

"We did some testing on some stock stuff all the way up the Dana 60 here's some numbers they broke at;"

Stock Birfield= 3,700 ft lbs
Birf Eliminator kit= 4,020 ft lbs
Stock inner shaft= 4,360 ft lbs
Longfield stock treated birf= 4,800 ft lbs
Superior 27 spline 4340 chromo inner axle= 5,200 ft lbs
Longfield 27 spline 4340 chromo inner axle= 6,820 ft lbs
Longfield 30 spline 4340 chromo inner axle= 8,200 ft lbs
Longfield 4340 birfield stub failure= 8,200 ft lbs
Stock Dana 60 35 spline= 8,300 ft lbs

**UPDATED FIGURES**


Stock Toyota Birfield, 27 spline ................ 3,700 ft-lbs
Toyota Birf Eliminator kit ...................... 4,020 ft-lbs
Stock Toyota inner axle, 27 spline .............. 4,360 ft-lbs
Pigs 4340 Toyota inner axle, 27 spline .......... 4,700 ft-lbs
Longfield stock treated Toyota birf, 27 spline .. 4,800 ft-lbs
Superior 4340 Toyota inner axle, 27 spline ...... 5,200 ft-lbs
Longfield 4340 Toyota inner axle, 27 spline ..... 6,820 ft-lbs
Yukon 4340 Dana 44 inner axle, 30 spline ........ 7,900 ft-lbs
Longfield 4340 Toyota inner axle, 30 spline ..... 8,200 ft-lbs
Longfield 4340 birfield stub failure ............ 8,200 ft-lbs
Stock Dana 60 inner axle, 35 spline (used) ...... 8,300 ft-lbs
Stock Dana 60 inner axle, 35 spline (new) ....... 8,320 ft-lbs

knixen
02-05-2007, 12:53
SAS (solid axle swap)

http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=321699

Just found a very extensive history of Toyota vehicles and thought it would be nice to have over here on Pirate4x4.....

ref:http://www.motorportal.com/toyota_truck_history.htm

COMPACT TRUCK/TACOMA, 4x2

Series Chronology

1964 - Stout introduced to U.S.

1969 - Hi-Lux compact truck introduced with 1.9L engine.

1970 - Hi-Lux receives new engine.

1972 - 3rd generation engine debuts in Hi-Lux.

1973 - CY 1972 1/2 - 2nd generation Hi-Lux.

1973 - Available with extended cargo-bed.

1974 - CY 1974 - Wins "Pickup Truck of the Year" from Pickup, Van & 4WD.

1975 - 3rd generation, larger engine.

1975 - 5-spd manual transmission available.

1976 - Pickup name replaces Hi-Lux on U.S.-market trucks.

1977 (September) - 1-millionth truck produced.

1977 - SR5 grade introduced.

1979 - 4th generation.

1981 - Receives larger gasoline engine and available diesel engine.

1983 - Last year of 4-speed manual transmission.

1984 - 5th generation.

1984 - Xtracab, turbocharged gasoline and diesel engines available.

1986 - Last year of diesel engine availability.

1989 - 6th generation, introduction of V-6.

1989 - CY 1989 - Wins "Truck of the Year", Motor Trend

1989 - CY 1989 - Wins "Pickup Truck of the Year", Four Wheeler Magazine.

1995 - 6th generation, introduced as 1995 1/2 model.

1995 - Introduction of Tacoma name.

1995 - "Import Truck of the Year" - Automundo magazine.

1996 - "Best Compact Pickup in Initial Quality" - J.D. Power & Associates.

1997 - Minor revision to front styling.

1997 - "Best Vehicle in Initial Quality-Compact Pickup segment" - J.D. Power &

Associates

1998 - Addition of passenger-side airbag.

1998 - Introduction of Tacoma PreRunner Xtracab.

1999 - Tacoma PreRunner adds Regular Cab to model line-up.

2000 - Receives daytime running lights as standard on models equipped with ABS

2001 - Introduction of PreRunner Double Cab, PreRunner Double Cab V6,

S-Runner Xtracab V6 to model line-up, as well as a StepSide bed

2001CY - "Most Wanted Small Pickup" - Edmunds.com

2002 - AutoPacific's Vehicle Satisfaction Score (VSS) award for Compact Pickup Truck

2002 - Consumer Reports Most Reliable Compact Pickup Truck

2002 - Intellichoice named Best Overall Value Compact Pickup Class 2WD

2002 - J.D. Power and Associates Initial Quality Study (IQS) award in the Compact Pickup segment.

2004 - Tacoma receives VSC and TRAC as standard on PreRunner models

Toyota's first foray into the pickup truck market was the Stout, introduced to America in 1964. For 1969, Toyota was determined to develop and sell an all-new light truck worthy of the company that produced the Corolla. With a newly developed four-cylinder 1.9L engine designated 3R, the Hi-Lux was the vehicle Toyota had been looking for. It was somewhat spartan inside (as trucks were utility vehicles first and foremost at that time), with a metal dashboard, a bench seat and a sturdy cargo area.

Changes were few in the early days of truck production, with a new engine, the 1.8L 8R-C, making its debut in 1970, and subsequently being replaced by the 2.0L 18R-C in 1972.

Designated a 1973 (but released in Spring 1972 -- a 1972 1/2), the next generation Hi-Lux looked less utilitarian, and began to take on a car-like quality -- all the while retaining its Toyota-like tendencies to be strong, reliable and inexpensive to operate. Styling was updated, and turn signals originally installed on top of the fenders were now built into the body.

For the official 1973 model year, the Hi-Lux took a large step forward in utility. Now available as an option was a 7 1/2-foot Long Bed model providing Americans with the type of hauling ability that had long been possible with full-size domestic vehicles. The combination of Long Bed models and car-like ride and handling made Toyota's Hi-Lux an immediate strong seller. In 1974, the Hi-Lux was awarded the honor of "Pickup Truck of the Year" from Pickup, Van & 4WD.

1975 saw the introduction of the 3rd generation Hi-Lux. It was now powered by a 2.2L version of the 18R-C, called the 20R, and was also available (for the first time on a Toyota utility vehicle) with a 5-speed manual transmission. In 1976, the U.S.-version of the Hi-Lux lost its name, and was to be called "compact truck" from that point forward. Truck sales were booming world wide, and in September 1977, the one-millionth pickup truck rolled out the factory in Japan.

1979 saw the introduction of the SR5 model. With its five-speed manual transmission hooked to the powerful gasoline engine, the SR5 was intended to appeal to a new type of customer -- the sport-truck buyer.

The 1979 model change (the fourth generation) was the most sweeping yet. It resulted in a well-appointed vehicle, with the emphasis toward passenger comfort while retaining its reputation as a true workhorse. Power remained the same with the continuation of the use of the 20R engine for two more years, but in 1981 the "legend" took its place under the hood of the truck. That legend was the 22R engine, and is still used today. The 2.4L gasoline 22R was joined by a 2.2L diesel engine in the same year.

The 1984 truck represented the fifth generation, and saw changes that continued to make it more car-like. An Xtracab model provided additional storage space behind the seats, and engines now included turbo-charged versions of the diesel and the 22R.

With gasoline becoming more affordable, diesel models of the truck were discontinued in 1986, with the turbo-charged gasoline model being discontinued in 1988.

1988 saw the introduction of the sixth generation truck, optionally available with a new V6 engine. Equipped with the V6, the truck was capable of towing 3500 pounds, and was still able to return excellent gas mileage.

From 1988 until 1994, there were very few changes to the truck. Styling was updated regularly, and luxury soon became part of the truck equation. Trucks could now be equipped with an Xtracab, sport seats, air-conditioning -- even a CD player! The pickup truck was as strong, rugged and versatile as ever, but provided the owner with everything that a luxury car could.

knixen
02-05-2007, 12:53
forts...







In 1995, Toyota introduced an all-new pickup truck, designed and built in America -- the Tacoma. Tacoma featured an all-new line-up of high performance engines. A 142-horsepower 2.4-liter four-cylinder with 160 lb.-ft. of torque was standard on 2WD models, while 4WD models offered a 150 horsepower 2.7-liter four-cylinder producing 177 lb.-ft. of torque. Available on both configurations was a newly developed 190 horsepower 3.4-liter V6 producing 220 lb.-ft. of torque, which the Tacoma shares with the T100.

Putting Tacoma's new-found power to the ground was a redesigned suspension offering a coil spring double-wishbone configuration, which replaces the Hi-Trac torsion bar double wishbone suspension on the previous generation. The lower arm uses a closed cross-sectional structure that adds strength while reducing unsprung weight. Suspension travel on the 4WD models increased from 5.9-inches to 7.7-inches, improving both on- and off-road performance. Tread width on both 2WD and 4WD's also increased, improving steering stability and ride comfort. Tacoma continued to use the tried-and-true leaf-type rear suspension with refinements to layout design.

Because safety is a major concern, a standard driver-side airbag, center high-mount stop light and adjustable seatbelt anchors, improved side-view mirrors, along with optional four-wheel ABS were added. Additionally, Tacoma received side door impact beams and three-point, automatic and emergency locking retractor (ALR and ELR) seatbelts in outboard positions, with an ELR seatbelt on the driver's side.

For 1997, Tacoma remained mechanically unchanged, but received a redesigned front-end. Headlights were faired into a new grille, and the whole assembly is more aerodynamic and stylish than before.

1998 saw the addition of a passenger-side airbag one year ahead of the Federal standard for 1999. For increased safety, the passenger-side airbag could be turned off with the ignition key. But for redesigned sound systems and the addition of new colors, the 2WD Tacoma carried over unchanged.

The Tacoma PreRunner was introduced in mid-year. The new 2WD pickup combines the rugged styling and off-road ability of Toyota's 4WD pickup trucks with the affordability of a 2WD model. For model year 1999, a Regular Cab model with an automatic transmission equipped with the 2.7-liter four-cylinder is added to the PreRunner line-up.

The 2000 model year also saw the addition of the Tacoma StepSide, a sporty stepside package that added a youthful alternative to the Tacoma lineup.

The 2001 Tacoma entered the new model year with aggressive new styling changes, several new upgrade packages and four new exterior colors. In addition, the Tacoma lineup became more diverse with the addition of the four-door Double Cab and sporty S-Runner 4x2.

The 2002 Tacoma carried over with no changes.

The 2003 Tacoma carried over with no exterior changes. A Child Restraint System lower anchor was made standard for the front passenger seat on Regular and Xtracabs, and for the rear outboard seats on the Double Cabs. Anti-lock brake systems were made standard on all models.

The 2004 Tacoma enters the new model year with Vehicle Stability Control with Traction Control as standard equipment on four-wheel drive and PreRunner models.

PRERUNNER:

*PreRunner changes mirror Tacoma 4x2 changes unless otherwise noted.

Tacoma PreRunner was developed in conjunction with Toyota Motorsports' successful desert racing truck program. Much of the suspension tuning and development work was done with the assistance of Toyota-driver Ivan "The Ironman" Stewart.



PreRunner shared identical exterior styling on all '98 4WD models. PreRunners were available only as Xtracab models with an automatic transmission and with either a four-cylinder or V6 engine. Enhancing PreRunner's off-road ability was an available Toyota Racing Development (TRD) Off-Road package.

The package offered a rugged combination of front and rear Bilstein shock absorbers, locking rear differential on V6 models, progressive-rate front coil springs and rear leaf suspension, modified camber rear springs, a larger front stabilizer bar, 31x10.5R15 white lettered Goodyear tires, 15x7-inch alloy wheels, black overfenders and special Off-Road graphics.

In 1999, the Tacoma PreRunner added a Regular Cab to its line-up in addition to the PreRunner Xtracab model, and the 2000 model offered standard daytime running lights on all models equipped with ABS.

For 2004, Tacoma PreRunner receives Vehicle Stability Control with Traction Control as standard equipment.

DOUBLE CAB:

*Double Cab changes mirror Tacoma 4x2/4x4 changes unless otherwise noted.

The Tacoma Double Cab delivers the cargo-hauling capability of a pickup truck, the passenger roominess and comfort of an SUV and rugged styling that makes a strong active-lifestyle statement.

Double Cab is offered in SR5 and Limited trim levels with available off-road package in the two-wheel drive PreRunner series with a four or six-cylinder engine. It offers eleven inches of class-leading ground clearance, and a 61-inch cargo bed. It's four, large conventional doors open to a well-appointed and roomy interior, featuring spacious front and rear seating and a 60/40 fold-down rear bench with three-point outboard belts.

The 2003 Double Cab featured CRS lower anchors for rear outboard seats.

S-RUNNER:

*S-Runner changes mirror Tacoma 4x2 changes unless otherwise noted.

The S-Runner was offered in a 4x2 Xtracab trim level with a five-speed manual overdrive transmission and powered exclusively by Tacoma's 190-horsepower V6 engine. Performance was enhanced with a low-to-the-ground sports tuned suspension with Tokico gas shock absorbers and stiffer springs, sway bars and bushings. Ground clearance was reduced by two inches from the standard 4x2.

S-Runner boasted a full color-keyed exterior that included the grille, lower valence panel, front and rear bumper, overfenders and outside door handles and mirrors. For an extreme appearance, a dealer-installed Toyota Racing Development (TRD) body kit was available.

The color-keyed exterior was complemented by an aggressive interior feel which included standard amenities such as front sports and power lumbar driver seat, front seat for and aft adjustable headrests, leather steering wheel and shift knob, tachometer with twin trip meters, AM/FM/Cassette audio with six speakers, tilt steering wheel, variable intermittent wipers and a rear console box.

The 2002 Tacoma S-Runner's side door badging became color-keyed and there was an addition of a driver's side A-pillar assist grip.


STEPSIDE:

The StepSide package was available on regular and Xtracab 4x2 Tacoma models, powered by either four-cylinder or V6 engines for model years 2001-2003. The StepSide's cargo box was a solid steel unit with a sporty image that was enhanced by the use of front fenders, bumper and grille from the Tacoma 4x4.

The StepSide package was discontinued for the 2004 model year.

What does it mean?

4x2 Truck: 4x2 means that the vehicle has 4 wheels, only 2 of which are driven.

Tacoma: From the Salish Indian word for the mountain that provided water to their tribe (later changed to Mount Rainier). The name suggests images of strength and power.

Tacoma PreRunner: PreRunner is a term that refers to a class of vehicle used to "pre-run" an off-road race course in order to save the race vehicle for race day. Often, these "pre-runner" vehicles are heavily modified 2WD trucks.

Double Cab: Double Cab is a Toyota conceived term for a four-door truck.

S-Runner: The term S-Runner is a sport version of the Tacoma PreRunner.

Where is it built?

Compact trucks are built at NUMMI in Fremont, Calif., the Honsha Plant in Toyota City, Japan, and all truck beds are produced at TABC in Long Beach, Calif. All Tacomas are produced at NUMMI. The Tacoma StepSide pickup truck was co-developed by design engineers at the New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc. (NUMMI), production facility, Toyota Motor Sales (TMS), U.S.A., Inc., Product Planning Group and Rob Millen Motorsports in Huntington Beach, Calif.

knixen
02-05-2007, 12:53
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COMPACT TRUCK/TACOMA, 4x4

Series Chronology

1979 - Introduction of 4WD.

1979 - CY 1979 - 4WD wins Pickup, Van & 4WD "4WD of the Year"; Off-Road "4WD Vehicle of the Year"; 4x4 and Off-Road Vehicles "Toughest Truck of the Year".

1980 - CY 1980 - Is best selling Compact 4x4 for the next 14 years.

1982 - 4WD model available with 5-speed transmission.

1984 - Introduction of auto-locking hubs on 4WD.

1985 - Automatic transmission available on 4WD.

1989 - CY 1989 - Wins "Pickup Truck of the Year", Four Wheel & Off Road Magazine.

1995 - Introduction of Tacoma name to truck line.

1996 - CY 1996 - Named "Pickup Truck of the Year", Four Wheeler Magazine.

1996 - CY 1996 - Wins JD Power IQS.

1997 - Expanded availability of locking rear differential.

1998 - Minor change to styling, suspension.

1998 - "Pickup Truck of the Year" - Four Wheeler Magazine.

2000 - Adds appearance package, new exterior colors, and receives daytime

running lights on ABS-equipped models

2001 - Aggressive styling changes, several new upgrade packages and four new

exterior colors

2002 - AutoPacific Vehicle Satisfaction Score (VSS) Top performer in Compact Pickup Truck segment.

2004 - Tacoma receives VSC and TRAC as standard on PreRunner models



In 1979, Toyota expanded its popular line of pickup trucks to include both two- and four-wheel drive models. The new four-wheel drives were an immediate success with both consumers and media alike, being awarded "4WD of the Year" by Pickup, Van & 4WD, "4WD Vehicle of the Year" by Off-Road and "Toughest Truck of the Year" by 4x4 and Off-Road Vehicles.

Changes and updates on the 4WD models mirrored their 2WD cousins, with the exception of the drivetrain. When first introduced, the four-wheel drive model was available with only a four-speed manual transmission, but was updated with a five-speed unit in 1982. A "shift on the fly" system whereby the front hubs could be locked automatically without exiting the vehicle was introduced in 1984. 1985 saw the next transmission change as a four-speed electronically-controlled transmission was made available.

Toyota trucks earned their reputation as rugged and reliable workhorses. The combination of four-wheel drive and luxury (power windows, door locks and mirrors, compact disc player, sunroof, additional seats in the rear of the cab) proved that Toyota trucks were capable of getting almost anywhere (in style) and coming home again reliably.

Toyota's Tacoma line (see 2WD section for detailed product description) saw minor changes and additions for the 1997 model year. Available on all 4WD models, Tacoma's locking rear differential allows it a trail ability unlike any other compact pickup truck. Other changes were to the availability of bucket seats on non-SR5 level Xtracabs and revised striping on SR5 models.

On the inside, all 1998 Tacomas received a passenger side airbag with cutoff switch for increased occupant safety. Also added were rotary HVAC controls, two additional 12V power outlets and repositioned cupholders.

On the outside, a restyled grille and headlights along with larger front bumper and new overfenders made for a more aggressive appearance. Inspired by Toyota's successful desert racing program, a special Toyota Racing Development Off-Road Package was equipped with specially valved Bilstein shocks, increased-rate front coil and rear leaf springs and a locking rear differential.

After receiving a redesigned interior and styling upgrades in 1998, the 1999 Tacoma remained relatively unchanged with the exception of several new added value packages and safety features. The added safety features included new front seatbelts with pretensioners and force limiters as well as a passenger-side airbag cut-off switch.

The 2000 model offered standard daytime running lights on all models equipped with ABS.

For 2001, the Tacoma received a new front fascia that included a vertical grille and raised hood, new multi-reflector headlamps and jeweled tail lamps. Tether anchor brackets have been added to supplement child restraint systems.

The 2002 Tacoma 4x4 carried over unchanged.

The 2003 Tacoma's 4x4 updates and changes mirrored the Tacoma 4x2. A Child Restraint System lower anchor was made standard for the front passenger seat on Regular and Xtracabs, and for the rear outboard seats on the Double Cabs. Anti-lock brake systems were made standard on all models.

For 2004, Tacoma 4x4 receives Vehicle Stability Control with Traction Control as standard equipment.



What does it mean?

4x4 Truck: 4x4 signifies that the vehicle has four wheels, four of which are driven.

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RAV4

Series Chronology

1994 - CY 1994 - RAV4 introduced in Japan in May.

1996 - CY 1996 - Introduced in the U.S. in January with 2.0L four-cylinder engine.

1996 - "Driver's Choice award - Best Mini-SUV" - Motor Week magazine.

1996 - "Best of What's New" - Popular Science magazine.

1996 - "Best New Products - Silver Award" - Edison American Marketing Assoc.

1997 - "Best Small SUV" - Consumer Reports magazine.

1997 - "Automobile of the Year" - Automobile magazine.

1998 - Minor facelift, interior additions.

1998 - RAV4 two-door Soft Top begins production

1999 - RAV4L Special Edition models receive optional leather interior, special

edition colors introduced.

2000 - Two-door RAV4 and soft-top models have been discontinued. RAV4

continues in 2000 available as a four-door model only.

2001 - Introduction of all-new, completely redesigned, second-generation RAV4

2001 - Consumer Reports names RAV4 "Best Small SUV"

2002 - RAV4 receives minor exterior enhancements

2002 - Intellichoice named Best Overall Value Compact Sport Utility Class under $20,000

2002 - J.D. Power and Associates Initial Quality Study (IQS) award in the Entry SUV segment

2004 - RAV4 receives significant exterior and interior enhancements, safety feature enhancements, and a new 2.4-liter four-cylinder engine.

Toyota began selling the RAV4 in Japan in May of 1994 and sales were strong immediately. Initial sales estimates were 4,500 units per month, but after 8,000 orders the first month, production was doubled immediately.

RAV4 features a 2.0-liter, 16-valve, four-cylinder engine originally used in the second generation Camry. RAV4 is available in two- and four-door body styles, and with either five-speed manual or four-speed automatic transmissions. It has a full-time all-wheel-drive system, and offered an optional locking center differential.

RAV4's size, four-wheel drive, wide stance and short front and rear overhangs make for great maneuverability both on- and off-road and in all weather conditions. All RAV4s were designed with safety equipment allowing them to be called passenger cars rather than trucks. Standard equipment includes dual airbags, adjustable three-point seatbelts and enhanced side-impact protection. Four-door models also include child-proof rear door locks.

By combining conventional passenger-car elements with the features of a light, off-road vehicle, Toyota called its RAV4 a "new-concept" SUV. The RAV4 provided Toyota and its customers with an attractive entry into the growing sport utility market.

The 1997 RAV4 saw only minor changes to an already revolutionary product. Changes were limited to revised seat fabric in two-door models, the availability of a power moonroof in four-door models, a standard digital clock and larger front speakers on power-window equipped models.

For 1998, RAV4 saw its first minor changes. Exterior changes included a new grille, front bumper cap, multi-reflector headlamps and jeweled taillights. On the inside, a digital odometer, dual cupholders, revised door panels, a three-spoke steering wheel and new audio systems topped the list. Four door models also received revised seat fabric.

The two-door RAV4 Soft Top was introduced in mid-year. The RAV4 Soft Top was based on the two-door RAV4 and featured a combination front hard top/rear convertible soft top.

The RAV4 Soft Top was built with structural braces in the rocker panels and rear fenders were added to the body of the vehicle for extra support and rigidity.

The U.S.-made top was constructed of double-layered, vinyl-coated polyester with a two-ply substrate and featured durable, lightweight plastic windows. The heavy-duty top was reinforced at all key stress points and was also kink and wrinkly resistant. In the event of inclement weather, the top offered a water management system that funneled moisture away from the cabin.

For 1999 Toyota once again raised the refinement mark for the mini sport utility segment by offering an optional perforated sport leather interior in its RAV4L Special Edition packaged models. Beginning this year, color-keyed body cladding, mirrors and door handles were standard on RAV4L. Three new special addition colors with matching cladding also became available, including White Pearl Mica, Quicksilver and Black.

RAV4 entered the 2000 model year as a four-door only model. The two-door Soft Top model had been discontinued.

For 2001, the second-generation RAV4 was completely redesigned making it a roomier, sportier and more versatile compact SUV. RAV4's overall length, width, height and wheelbase were all increased by approximately an inch or more for greater room, inside and out. The exterior was completely redesigned for a more aerodynamic, aggressive appearance.

The 2001 RAV4 is powered by a lighter, all-new, all-aluminum 2.0 liter, four-cylinder 16-valve DOHC engine with Variable Valve Timing with intelligence technology (VVT-i). VVT-i helped the engine produce 148 horsepower at 6,000 rpm and 142 ft./lb. of torque at 4,000 rpm. RAV4 became certified as a low emission vehicle (LEV).

The 2002 RAV4 carried over mostly unchanged except for the increased availability of colors on the "L" model -- Rainforest Pearl, Spectra Blue Mica and Pearl White.

The RAV4 remained unchanged for 2003, with the exception of a newly available Sport Package which added a more aggressive exterior appearance and many interior amenities.

The RAV4 enters 2004 with significant exterior and interior changes. Exterior changes include color-keyed back door handle, a new front bumper, headlights, grille, fog lights, tail lamps and spare tire cover designs. The 2004 RAV4 is offered in five new colors - Salsa Red Pearl, Super White, Everglade Metallic, Savannah Metallic, and Flint Mica. A new warm silver color is used on bumper molding, over fenders and spare tire cover for Natural White and Savannah Metallic models. RAV4 also receives a 2.4-liter four-cylinder engine that puts out 161 horsepower and 162 lb.-ft. of torque. Vehicle Stability Control with Traction Control and Brake Assist is now standard, along with Anti-lock Brakes and Electronic Brake-force Distribution.

Optional safety equipment includes first- and second-row side curtain airbags and front side airbags.

What does it mean?

RAV4: Recreational Active Vehicle with 4-wheel drive.

Where is it built?

All RAV4s are produced in the Motomachi Plant in Toyota City, Japan.

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4RUNNER

Series Chronology

1985 - (CY 1984 1/2) - 4Runner introduced with 2.4L 4-cylinder engine.

1986 - Hi-Trac front suspension added.

1986 - Turbo available on SR5 grade.

1987 - SR5 trim available on both passenger and truck models.

1987 - Minor exterior styling revision.

1988 - 3.0L V6 engine available.

1990 - (CY 1989 1/2) - 2nd generation introduced.

1990 - (CY 1989 1/2) - 2WD 4Runner available.

1990 - Among "Best Buys" - Consumers Digest magazine.

1990 - "Best Compact SUV in Initial Quality" - J.D. Power & Associates.

1991 - "Best Compact SUV in Customer Satisfaction" - J.D. Power.

1991 - "Best Compact SUV in Initial Quality" - J.D. Power.

1992 - Minor exterior styling revision.

1992 - "Best Compact SUV in Customer Satisfaction" - J.D. Power.

1992 - "Best Compact SUV in Initial Quality" - J.D. Power.

1993 - CY 1993 - Named "Best Compact Sport Utility", IQS, J.D. Power.

1994 - Safety modifications, optional 4-wheel ABS on V6 models.

1994 - "Best Compact SUV in Initial Quality" - J.D. Power.

1996 - 3rd generation introduced.

1996 - 2.7L 4-cylinder and 3.4L V6 engines available.

1996 - "Compact 4-Door SUV Best Buy" Runner-up - Four Wheeler magazine.

1996 - "Most Appealing Compact SUV" - J.D. Power.

1997 - Introduction of 2WD SR5 model.

1997 - "1997 Top Three Vehicles in Initial Quality - Compact SUV" - J.D. Power.

1997 - "Best SUV" - Consumer Reports magazine.

1997 - "Top 10 Trucks Overall Resale Value After Three Years of Ownership" -

ADP Autosource Survey.

1997 - "1997 Total Quality Award - Medium SUV Segment" - Strategic Vision, Inc.

1998 - Minor interior changes.

1999 - New, standard multi-mode 4WD system on 4Runner Limited, redesigned

front fascia and numerous upgrades on all 4Runner models

1999 - "Best Compact SUV in Initial Quality" - J.D. Power

1999 - "Best Compact SUV Segment" - J.D. Power

2001 - Receives standard-equipped 3.4 liter V6 engine and automatic

transmission, new interior features and three new colors

2002 - 4Runner receives minor enhancements.

2002 - Intellichoice named Best Overall Value Compact Sport Utility Class Over $20,000

2002 - Intellichoice named Best Overall Value Sport Utility Under $28,000 (SR5 2WD)

2003 - 4th generation 4Runner introduced.

2003 - Truckin's SUV Magazine "SUV of the Year" award

2003 - Recipient of a Popular Science Magazine's "Best of What's New" award

2004 - Optional third-row seat available on Limited and SR5 models, backup camera available with Navigation system.

In mid-1984, for the 1985 model year, Toyota brought to market a revolutionary new vehicle - the 4Runner. Based on the mechanicals of its rugged (and strong-selling) 4-wheel drive pickup, truck, the 4Runner combined the versatility and go-anywhere ability of 4WD with the comfort and utility found in passenger cars. It had a fiberglass top covering the cargo area which could be removed for open-air driving.

The first generation 4Runner was available in two models. The first was little more than a pickup truck with a covered rear cargo area. Its emphasis was on utility. With seats in the front only, the rear of the vehicle was intended to be used for cargo (or camping equipment, bicycles, etc.) The second was designed to carry up to five passengers. It included a rear seat (with seatbelts for three occupants) which could be folded flat for additional storage space. The passenger model was available in the SR5 grade, and included a larger fuel tank and more luxurious interior appointments. Both models were powered by the venerable 2.4L 22R four-cylinder engine coupled to a five-speed manual transmission with two-speed transfer case, and all had manual locking front hubs.

In 1986, Toyota added the Hi-Trac independent front suspension to 4Runner, giving it more ground clearance and improved ride quality. In addition to the improved ride, Toyota gave the 4Runner an injection of power with the addition of a turbocharged engine available on SR5 models.

For 1987, the SR5 trim was available on all models, both truck and passenger, but the turbo engine was still confined to passenger models. Slight changes to the grille, headlights, and striping were also new for 1987.

More power was on tap for 1988, as Toyota introduced the 3.0L V6 engine to the 4Runner. Because the V6 was more suited to the off-road environment that the 4Runner was designed for, the turbo model was discontinued, leaving only the V6 and four-cylinder engines.

For the 1990 model year, but introduced in spring of 1989, Toyota unleashed an entirely new breed of 4Runner. Based on the completely redesigned line of pickup trucks, the new 4Runner was muscular and aggressive looking, but still capable of delivering the off-road performance for which Toyota's four-wheel drive trucks had long been known. The vehicle was now available in either two- or four-door configuration, with either a four- or six-cylinder engine and with either two- or four-wheel drive. The new styling eliminated the removable fiberglass top, making the vehicle quieter and more weather tight. 1992 saw a minor styling revision for the 4Runner, with flush headlamps and new grille and molding treatments. It also saw 4Runner become more than just a vehicle for driving in the hills as it was now available with leather seats as an option.

knixen
02-05-2007, 12:56
forts...

In 1994, safety was emphasized and 4Runner received side-impact protection, a center (third) brake light, and the option of four-wheel anti-lock brakes on all V6 models. Fully optioned with a CD-player, eight-speaker stereo, sunroof, leather seats and anti-lock brakes, 4Runner's price was approaching $30,000 - quite a departure from its beginnings some ten years earlier as a glorified pickup truck! But 4Runner hadn't forgotten its off-road heritage either, and remained as strong a back-woods performer as ever.

For 1996, Toyota's most popular SUV received a complete redesign, including all-new engines, chassis, interior and exterior styling, enhanced safety equipment and added utility. It was the first 4Runner to not share either body panels or a frame with Toyota's compact pickup trucks.

Available in two- or four-wheel drive, in base, SR5 and Limited trim, and with two engine choices, there was a 4Runner for everyone. Engine choices were a 2.7-liter four-cylinder or a 3.4-liter V6, both twin cam, multi-valve designs.

The new chassis was stiffer for improved steering feel and more precise suspension travel, and was two inches longer to increase wheelbase for a more stable ride. Front suspension was a coil spring with double wishbone design replacing the previous Hi-Trac system, which resulted in greater wheel travel and ride comfort.

Other features on the new 4Runner included a one-piece lift-up tailgate with power window, larger outside mirrors, much increased interior volume with greater head and legroom and a lowered step-in and cargo loading height. For safety, dual airbags were included along with four-wheel ABS, side-door impact beams and ALR/ELR seatbelts front and rear.

For 1997, 4Runner saw only minor changes including the addition of a 2WD Limited model, revised seat fabric in SR5 models, the ability to order 16-inch alloy wheels on 2WD models and two new Preferred Equipment Packages.

For 1998, minor interior changes were made to 4Runner with the addition of rotary-style HVAC controls, a new four-spoke steering wheel and revised audio head units.

The third generation 4Runner entered its fourth year with more standard features and options than any 4Runner to date. All 1999 4Runners received a redesigned front bumper, valence cover and grille with multi-reflector headlamps with an auto-off function, a new center console with dual cupholders, an overhead console with garage door/sunglass holder, two power outlets in the center cluster and an LCD odometer with digital dual trip meters.

In addition, SR5 grades now feature as standard heated outside mirrors and cruise control as well as an upgraded optional Sports Package which includes color-keyed bumpers with projector fog lamps, fender flares, a new wheel design and a sporty hood scoop.

The 1999 4Runner Limited model received a new multi-mode 4WD system as standard. The new multi-mode feature is actually a full-time all-wheel-drive system with 2WD capability and can be used in normal driving conditions on all types of roads including dry, hard surfaces such as pavement.

For 2001, all 4Runner models were standard equipped with the 3.4 liter V6 engine and automatic transmission, Vehicle Skid Control with traction control, multi-mode 4WD and a 2WD/4WD selector switch and a pre-wired trailer hitch harness. The brake booster was changed to hydraulic assisted and the rear differential lock has been discontinued. The 2001 4Runner also boasted new interior additions and three new exterior colors.

The 2002 4Runner had equipment and available packages. All 4Runner SR5 models featured standard 15-inch aluminum alloy wheels with P225/70R15 tires, while the SR5 and Limited grades have a new chrome license plate garnish. The Sport Edition has been enhanced with perforated aluminum front skid plate, new interior sport fabric, Sport Edition badges and embroidered floor mats. A new Chrome Package is available on the SR5 grade to provide a more upscale appearance. The package includes chrome front grille, side mirrors, door handles, wheel arch moldings, tail lamp garnish, rear license plate garnish, exhaust tip and available 16-inch high gloss alloy wheels.



The 2003 4Runner was completely redesigned and offered numerous technological advancements and firsts for Toyota. It was larger, roomier, delivers more power, produced increased fuel efficiency and provided improved ride comfort. The all-new 4.0-liter V6 aluminum engine was Toyota's first all-aluminum engine on a light truck (available in Winter 2002) and delivered 245 hp at 5,200 rpm, with 283 lb-ft torque at 3,400 rpm. 4Runner offered a 4.7-liter i-Force V8 engine for all models with an output of 235 horsepower at 4,800 rpm and 320 lb-ft of torque at 3,400 rpm. Both engines were LEV-certified. The 2003 4Runner was the world's first use of a Torsen» sensing type limited-slip center differential in a mid-size SUV transfer case. Both V6 and V8 engines featured the Torsen» technology. The V8 engine was paired with Toyota's first use of an ECT-i five-speed automatic with overdrive in a light truck. All 4Runners came standard-equipped with Hill-start Assist Control (HAC) and 4WD models also get Downhill Assist Control (DAC).

For 2004, an optional third row seat is now available on the 4Runner Limited and SR5 models. A backup camera is available with the navigation system.

What does it mean?

4Runner: Combine "4-wheel drive" and "off-road Runner", and you have 4Runner, Toyota's fun-to-drive off-road vehicle.

Where is it built?

All 4Runners are built at the Tahara Plant in Tahara, Japan.

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LAND CRUISER

Series Chronology

1950 - During CY 1950 - Development of Model BJ prototype begins in Japan..

1954 - BJ takes on name of Land Cruiser.

1955 - F-series 3.8L 6-cylinder engine adopted.

1958 - CY September, 1958 - Land Cruiser introduced to U.S.

1958 - First hard-top version produced.

1961 - Pickup and wagon version of Land Cruiser introduced in Japan.

1961-1965 - Land Cruiser is best selling Toyota in U.S.

1967 - New station wagon version introduced (FJ55).

1968 - CY 1968 - 100,000th Land Cruiser sold worldwide.

1972 - CY 1972 - 200,000th Land Cruiser sold worldwide.

1973 - CY 1973 - 300,000th Land Cruiser sold worldwide.

1975 - 4.2L engine introduced.

1980 - 2nd generation station wagon introduced (FJ60).

1980 - "4x4 of the Year" - Off-Road magazine.

1981 - CY 1981 - 1,000,000th Land Cruiser sold.

1983 - Last year of FJ40 sales in the U.S.

1988 - Minor updates on Wagon.

1990 - CY 1990-Present - Named "Best Buy" by Consumer's Digest.

1990 - CY 1990 - 2,000,000th Land Cruiser sold.

1991 - 3rd generation station wagon introduced (FJ80).

1991 - Full-time 4-wheel drive introduced.

1991 - Among "Best Buys" - Consumers Digest magazine.

1991 - "Best Full-Size SUV in Customer Satisfaction" - J.D. Power & Associates.

1992 - CY 1992 - Named "Best Full-Sized Sport Utility" in IQS and CSI, J.D. Power.

1992 - Among "Best Buys" - Consumers Digest magazine.

1993 - 4.5L engine introduced.

1993 - CY 1993 - Named "Best Full-Sized Sport Utility" in IQS, J.D. Power.

1993 - Among "Best Buys" - Consumers Digest magazine.

1994 - Among "Best Buys" - Consumers Digest magazine.

1995 - At mid-year intro, receives updated grille and standard dual airbags and

ABS.

1996 - "Best Full-Size SUV in Initial Quality" - J.D. Power.

1997 - "Luxury SUV Best Buy" - Four Wheeler magazine.

1997 - "Best Overall Truck: Resale Value After Three Years of Ownership" - ADP

Autosource Survey.

1997 - "1997 Top Three Vehicles in Initial Quality-Full-Size Segment" - J.D. Power.

1998 - Fifth-generation Land Cruiser is introduced powered by Toyota Division's

first-ever V8

1999 - CY 1999 "Best Full-Size Sport Utility Vehicle Segment" - J.D. Power

2000 - Receives Active TRAC, VSC and EBD as standard equipment

2001 - A DVD-based navigation system is available.

2002CY - Consumer Reports "Most Reliable Large SUV"

2002 - Intellichoice named Best Overall Value Full-Size Sport Utility Class

2003 - Receives minor interior, exterior and mechanical changes

2003 - "Most Wanted Large SUV Over $45,000" Award by Edmunds.com

2004 - Backup camera is now available with Navigation system.

From its humble beginnings in 1950 as a development project based on the design of the Willys Jeep, the Land Cruiser has taken its rightful place as Toyota's flagship four-wheel drive vehicle.

When the Land Cruiser (then named "Model BJ") was first tested in August, 1951, it climbed to the sixth station of Mt. Fuji -- the first motor vehicle to perform this feat. The first orders for the vehicle were from police and forestry departments because of its off-road abilities. In 1954, when the BJ was formally named Land Cruiser, the vehicle officially entered mass-production, rather than being built on a made-to-order basis. The following year, the original 85-horsepower diesel engine was replaced with a 125-horsepower 3.8L gasoline unit.

1958 saw the formal introduction of the Land Cruiser to the U.S., and it was the best selling Toyota vehicle in the U.S. from 1961-1965. During that time the line-up consisted of soft-top, open, and pickup versions.

In 1965, Land Cruiser moved toward the mainstream U.S. market with the introduction of the five-door station wagon. The wagon was hailed as a vehicle that was competent enough to drive through the back country, yet was comfortable and powerful enough to drive on any public street. Mid-1967 saw the U.S.-sales introduction of a hardtop version of the two-door, sales of which ceased in 1983 (although production ended in 1979).

In 1975, the 3.8L engine was replaced by a larger and more powerful 4.2L version, making the Land Cruiser easier to drive. For the home market (Japan), Land Cruiser has almost always been available with a diesel engine -- originally 3.2L, reintroduced at 3.0L in 1976, and updated to 3.2L again in 1979 -- but it was never officially available in the U.S.

Since 1980, the U.S.-spec Land Cruiser has only been available in one body style -- five-door station wagon. It was replaced in 1991 by a larger, more luxurious vehicle that sported full-time four-wheel-drive and a fully independent four-wheel coil-spring suspension.

In 1993, Land Cruiser grew up even further. Now sporting a 24-valve, DOHC inline six-cylinder engine displacing 4.5L, Land Cruiser produced 212 horsepower and 275 pound-feet of torque, and was more than capable of pulling Land Cruiser's 5153 pounds of curb weight.

The 1993 Land Cruiser was a far cry from the 1951 Model BJ. Sporting optional leather upholstery, available seating for eight, an available compact-disc player, manually locking front and rear, and automatic locking center, differentials, Land Cruiser was now a shadow of its former self.

1994 updates to the Land Cruiser were minimal (changes have only been made to the Land Cruiser when necessary), limited to the addition of CFC-free air-conditioning.

In 1995, Land Cruiser took a large step toward additional passenger safety. With more and more consumers using their "sport-utility" vehicles as passenger cars, and those consumers looking for vehicles that offer enhanced safety features, Toyota was ready. Along with a new grille featuring redesigned headlights, the 1995 Land Cruiser included, as standard equipment, both driver- and passenger-side airbags and adjustable shoulder-belt anchors. These additions did nothing to diminish Land Cruiser's off-the-road abilities, though, and it continues on as the most refined, most capable four-wheel-drive vehicle on the market.

For 1998, Toyota introduced the fifth-generation Land Cruiser and the first all-new Cruiser since 1991.



The new Cruiser is larger, heavier, structurally more solid and substantially more powerful than its predecessor. Yet it delivers improved fuel efficiency, lower emissions and considerably quicker, more responsive acceleration. It also features the first V8 engine in a Toyota Division vehicle. The its all-new 4.7-liter 32-valve DOHC produces 230 horsepower, 18 more than its predecessor's inline six-cylinder, and 320 lbs.-ft. of torque, an improvement of 45 over the '97 model.

For 1999 the recently redesigned Land Cruiser features an independent rear automatic climate control system for added convenience and passenger comfort.

In 2000, Toyota again raised the benchmark in SUV performance and refinement by adding active traction control (Active TRAC), vehicle skid control (VSC) and electronic brake force distribution (EBD) systems as standard equipment. The Cruiser also added a six-disc in-dash CD player as standard.

For 2001, the legendary Land Cruiser received a few new additions. It featured an available navigation system with a DVD player, standard auto dimming rear view mirror, and integrated compass in the rear view mirror (on models without the navigation system), JBL Premium three-in-one AM/FM/Cassette/CD six-disc in-dash changer with seven speakers with an available Electro Multi-Vision screen with center console six-disc CD player.

The Land Cruiser enters 2002 with additional equipment and improved value. It now comes standard with third row seats, automatic rear climate control system and HomeLinkŒ. The only available factory option is a DVD-based navigation system.

Along with an updated front grille, rear bumper, rear turn signals and interior, output by the 2003 Land Cruiser's 4.7-liter V8 was increased by five horsepower for improved responsiveness. For the first time, Land Cruiser had rear seat audio and steering wheel audio controls as standard equipment, and a DVD rear seat entertainment system and SRS front and second row side curtain airbags were made available.

The 2004 Land Cruiser now offers an available backup camera with the navigation system. New side privacy glass color changes from bronze to dark green.

What does it mean?

Land Cruiser: Land Cruiser is Toyota's flagship four-wheel drive vehicle. The name implies its go-anywhere ability.

Where is it built?

Land Cruiser is built at the Araco Corporation plant in Toyota City, Japan.

knixen
02-05-2007, 13:02
Heres a cool link to alot of general toyota information. Alot on systems and how they work everything from electrical to engine. Check it out pretty cool.
Check it out http://www.autoshop101.com/autoshop15.html

Brake Line Fittings Source (Metric 10mm x 1.0 long head toyota fitting)
http://fmsiinc.com/brake-line-fittings.htm

IFS Dials on Solid axle hubs
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=481210




engine / error codes

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

http://www.yotatech.com/showthread.p...ine+error+code

http://www.troublecodes.net/Toyota/


Toyota Part #s for OEM steering studs, nuts, and cone washers



steering studs (toyota calles them 'lobular hex studs', these DO have the E12 head on them for easier installation / removal): 90126-12005

steering stud nuts: 94115-71200 (threading is M12 x 1.25)

steering stud cone washers: 42323-60020



How to Flush the Power Steering System

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

It's really easy to do.

Disconnect the Return hose and plug to tube on the reservoir
Use a double ended barb fitting and extend the return hose, and stick the end of it in 5 gallon bucket.
Jack the front up so the tires are off the ground
Fill the reservoir with ATF (If you have a buddy help you, have them slowly pour ATF in the reservoir during the next step)
Start the engine and turn the wheels back and forth. Only run the engine in short spurts if you do this by yourself. Important! Do not let the reservoir run dry! (See Buddy tip above)
Repeat the steps until the Fluid is is running fresh and clean into the bucket.
Reconnect the return hose, and top off the fluid as needed.
Not only does this flush the entire system, it bleeds any air out as well.

Bøen
02-05-2007, 19:14
Hvorfor på engelsk,knixen?

knixen
02-06-2007, 08:06
Hvorfor på engelsk,knixen?


Som det står i første innlegg så er det sakset fra pirate4x4.com. Og siden jeg ikke har tatt meg tid til å oversette. Men det kommer nok...:rolleyes:

knixen
02-20-2007, 14:23
Her er en ADD-tech side jeg fant på nett. Komplett med hvordan finne feilen... :)

http://toyota.off-road.com/toyota/article/articleDetail.jsp?id=399612

'86-95 IFS trucks, 1st and 2nd gen 4Runners, and all '93-98 T100s use a 7.5" front diff that is offset to the passenger's side. Later models came with ADD (Automatic Differential Disconnect) which uses a vacuum actuated mechanism to disconnect the drivers side axle shaft from the differential. Carriers and gear sets are interchangeable between the two different versions (and also happen to be the same as used in the 2wd Toyota pickup 7.5" diffs). One difference between ADD and non-ADD diffs is that the carrier in an ADD differential has needle bearings supporting the axle shafts at the differential. The non-ADD diffs did not have this bearing and sometimes the passenger side axle flange wears the carrier and becomes loose or wobbly, eventually causing oil leaks, noise, and possible spider gear damage. ADD and non-ADD diffs are swappable as are most of their parts. This makes it possible to change your ADD diff to non-ADD by simply swapping parts as I've done in the picture to the right. This is desirable to some people since some of the ADD stubs are smaller diameter than the non-ADD stubs and are therefore slightly weaker.
Late-model 7.5" diff

Tacoma's, Tundra's, Sequoia's, and 3rd gen 4Runners have a high-pinion 7.5" IFS front diff offset to the drivers side. The high-pinion design is used so that the rack and pinion steering and anti-sway bar on these vehicles can run under the front driveshaft. The housing is a unique bolt-together design. The carrier inside is exactly the same as the '86-95 IFS diffs, so LSD's and lockers for it are also the same. However, since this is a high-pinion diff, the gears for it are different (reverse-cut) than the earlier diff. There is an ADD and non-ADD version of this diff as well.
These diffs use different gear sets than the earlier IFS diff because of the high-pinion design.





Litt om misforståelsen rundt svakheten på 5:71 giringer.

http://www.gearinstalls.com/410suck.htm

Og masse gir info her: http://www.gearinstalls.com/

knixen
05-16-2007, 11:26
Meget god diff-info http://home.4x4wire.com/erik/diffs/

knixen
09-14-2007, 00:30
SKF lagernr som alternativ til originale lagre:

Kingbolt lager 30303
Carrier lager til LSD/ARB sperre 32010j
Indre og ytre pinjong lager 32307jn og 30306jn

knixen
10-08-2007, 20:39
Fant en tech for å installere 8" e-locker fra HJ80 i vanlig 8" hus...

http://www.4x4wire.com/toyota/tech/electric_locker/

Så greit ut også...

kermith
10-18-2007, 16:18
hej knixen måske du kan hjælpe mig jeg køre med et original toyota el spil men jeg ved intet om andet ned det trækker godt men kunne da være rart med nogle specificationer.

knixen
10-18-2007, 17:11
hej knixen måske du kan hjælpe mig jeg køre med et original toyota el spil men jeg ved intet om andet ned det trækker godt men kunne da være rart med nogle specificationer.

Såvidt jeg vet har splinten en maks belastning på rundt 3500-4000kg og det er den som setter begrensningen vanligvis. Finnene bruker å sveise den slik at den ikke knekker. Noen sveiser forsterkninger rundt huset, det er gjort på den jeg har. Jeg kan legge ut bilder hvis det er ønskelig? Jeg er på jakt etter en helt original winch... ;)

PTO Winch
The Toyota Land Cruiser FJ40 was offered with an available PTO (power take-off) winch. The PTO winch takes power off the engine through a PTO unit attached to the transmission. From the PTO unit power is transmitted forward with a drive shaft, through a pillow block and connects to the rear input of the winch. This connection is made with a shear pin, designed to fail when the system reaches a load beyond that which it was designed to handle in order to prevent damage to the drive line. Inside the winch case lies a worm gear, which further reduces the gearing and rotates the inner shaft of the spool. The drum freely spins on the inner shaft unless a notched clutch mechanism is engaged and the drum is locked into the drive train. This clutch is controlled with a lever on the US passenger side of the winch. Plain gear oil, the same used in manual transmissions and differentials, is the lubricant used in the worm gear case.

The winch is engaged inside the cab by shifting the transfer case into neutral and shifting the PTO unit into the proper direction of travel. The shift lever for the PTO has three settings: neutral, forward and reverse. If the lever is in the center, the PTO is in neutral. When shifted forward, the winch will wind and pull the vehicle forward and when shifted backward, the winch will unwind and create slack in the winch cable.

The drum on my winch currently holds 4 wraps of 3/8" wire rope with 1 inch of lip still left over. This is a total of 75' when unwrapped. The winch cable is held by a clamp on the outside of the drum right next to a hole for the cable to go through. Although this clamp keeps the cable from falling off the winch, that is all that it does. The pulling power of the winch is transmitted from the drum to the cable by wrapping the cable around the drum several times and relying on friction to hold it in place. The cable was damaged when I purchased the Land Cruiser and it was replaced with anodized wire rope. On the end of the cable, I secured a new 2 foot long chain and hook similar to the stock setup. The loop at the end of the winch cable is held together with three cable clamps secured in the proper fashion. Any work done to a winch cable can cause serious injury or death if not properly carried out, so please be careful.

Many OEM parts are still available through local Toyota dealers as well as many Land Cruiser specific businesses such as Specter Off Road. The sheer pins can still be ordered new through the Toyota dealer's service department and many parts can be located around the United States. I found a new engagement lever for my winch through my local Toyota dealer, along with sheer pins and a brake pad. Another power take off winch available as an aftermarket accessory for the Land Cruiser FJ40 was the Ramsey. These are usually found either in a junkyard (although many are already gone) or on an old Land Cruiser that already has one. To my knowledge, no manufacturer currently sells a power take off winch to fit the FJ40 and hasn't for at least 20 years.

kermith
10-18-2007, 17:17
mange tak knixen men det var et 24v el spil jeg mente

knixen
10-18-2007, 17:23
mange tak knixen men det var et 24v el spil jeg mente

Kan du legge ut bilde av winchen du har? Så skal jeg se på det... Evt fortelle noe mer om merke og nummer?

kermith
10-18-2007, 17:49
billederne er ikke så gode er taget med mobil. det jeg ved er at det er et toyota vidst har lavet engang som original spil til hj60 og 61.

knixen
10-18-2007, 20:14
Det er en Aisin A1-1000 winch. Jeg finner dessverre ikke noe særlig informasjon om denne...ennå... Aisin=original toyota...

knixen
10-18-2007, 20:26
Den er angitt til å trekke 8000 pund men skal være sterkere enn det. http://forum.ih8mud.com/showthread.php?t=69269

Finner ikke bilder av den, men har lett en stund... :o

kermith
10-18-2007, 20:33
okay ellers mange tak

knixen
01-09-2008, 02:31
http://www.pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=452546

Hvordan installere skivebremser bak. Flott write-up!

Kong_zuki
08-27-2008, 21:30
Det er flere av de første Pirate4x4.com linkene som ikke virker lenger.
Får bare denne beskjeden: 404 error-page not found.
Tenkte jeg fikk si i fra:smile:

knixen
11-26-2008, 13:36
http://pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=287065 startmotor fix!

knixen
12-26-2008, 01:24
Veldig bra winch tech! Hvorfor dyre wincher koster penger, og hva du får i billige wincher... http://pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=744390

knixen
03-15-2009, 19:43
http://pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=770289 caliper overhallings write-up. Veldig bra!

http://pirate4x4.com/forum/showthread.php?t=772248 montering av uorginale seter write-up

Solarhersteller
09-18-2010, 13:22
Great info.http://sunrent.de/smileynormal.ico